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Green revolution: Indian agricultural experience – a paradigm for Eritrea

  • Rena, Ravinder

Food problem became more severe after the partition of India and Pakistan in 1947, presenting a series challenges to India’s agricultural sector. Even during good harvest years, food imports remain high. A large segment of people were poor. To mitigate these problems, India adopted farming strategies under the “Green Revolution” in the mid 1960s. The application of modern farming technology, introduction of high-yielding varieties of seeds, increased use of fertilizers, development and expansion of irrigation systems, extension of credit and educational services to farmers. These activities resulted in a drastic increase of farm products leading India to achieve self-sufficiency in food within a short period of time. The “Green Revolution” has contributed to Indian agriculture tremendously and transformed India from a starving nation to a food exporter. The activities that comprise the “Green Revolution” are worth emulating in the Eritrean environment. This paper explores the impact of the “Green Revolution” on Indian agricultural production with the aim of drawing lessons for Eritrea to modernize its agriculture and subsequently solve its food insecurity problem. The Indian experience serves as a model for Eritrea to achieve self-sufficiency in food.

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Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 10838.

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Date of creation: 15 Feb 2003
Date of revision: 24 May 2003
Publication status: Published in Eritrean Studies Review 1.4(2004): pp. 103-130
Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:10838
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  1. Sarma, J. S., 1981. "Growth and equity: policies and implementation in Indian agriculture," Research reports 28, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  2. Mellor, John W. & Adams, Richard Jr, 1986. "The new political economy of food and agricultural development," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 11(4), pages 289-297, November.
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