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Does the Latin Corporate Governance Model perform worse than others in preventing earnings management?

  • Carlos F. Alves


    (Faculdade de Economia da Universidade do Porto)

  • Ernesto Fernando R. Vicente


    (Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina)

In this paper, by using a database of Portuguese and Brazilian firms, where the Latin Corporate Governance Model is traditionally predominant but increasingly out of fashion, we investigate whether the Latin Corporate Governance Model performs worse or better than others (variants of the Continental or Anglo-Saxon Models) in preventing earnings management. We conclude that, in general, companies with the Latin Model have lower levels of earnings management than the other companies, and that changing from the Latin Model to another model does not cause a decrease in the level of discretionary accruals. We also conclude that the firms that move away from the Latin Model are not necessarily those with the higher levels of discretionary accruals. Finally, we conclude that firms that are dual listed (through ADR) have lower levels of discretionary accruals, but firms which have the state as a qualified shareholder do not usually differ significantly from others.

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Paper provided by Universidade do Porto, Faculdade de Economia do Porto in its series FEP Working Papers with number 447.

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Length: 38 pages
Date of creation: Feb 2012
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:por:fepwps:447
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  1. Agrawal, Anup & Chadha, Sahiba, 2005. "Corporate Governance and Accounting Scandals," Journal of Law and Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 48(2), pages 371-406, October.
  2. repec:cup:cbooks:9780521032032 is not listed on IDEAS
  3. Carlos Alves & Victor Mendes, 2001. "Corporate Governance Policy and Company Performance: The Case of Portugal," FEP Working Papers 112, Universidade do Porto, Faculdade de Economia do Porto.
  4. Cornett, Marcia Millon & Marcus, Alan J. & Tehranian, Hassan, 2008. "Corporate governance and pay-for-performance: The impact of earnings management," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 87(2), pages 357-373, February.
  5. Leuz, Christian & Nanda, Dhananjay & Wysocki, Peter D., 2003. "Earnings management and investor protection: an international comparison," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 69(3), pages 505-527, September.
  6. Bartov, Eli & Gul, Ferdinand A. & Tsui, J.S.L.Judy S. L., 2000. "Discretionary-accruals models and audit qualifications," Journal of Accounting and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 30(3), pages 421-452, December.
  7. Klein, April, 2002. "Audit committee, board of director characteristics, and earnings management," Journal of Accounting and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 33(3), pages 375-400, August.
  8. K.V. Peasnell & P.F. Pope & S. Young, 2005. "Board Monitoring and Earnings Management: Do Outside Directors Influence Abnormal Accruals?," Journal of Business Finance & Accounting, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 32(7-8), pages 1311-1346.
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