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Trends in Inequality, Welfare, and Growth in Pakistan, 1963-64 to 2004-05

  • Nadia Zakir

    (Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, Islamabad)

  • Muhammad Idrees

    (Quaid-i-Azam Univesity, Islamabad)

The present study investigates the trends in inequality, welfare, and growth based on per capita household income/consumption in Pakistan, both its rural and urban areas, from 1963-64 to 2004-05. It employs Gini coefficient to measure inequalities and the Sen welfare index to estimate welfare. Real per capita mean incomes/consumption are worked out to analyse growth. The study finds fluctuating trends in inequality, and rising trends in both welfare and growth. In general, inequality, welfare, and growth remain higher in the urban areas. The study finds income inequality to be more severe as compared to consumption inequality.

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File URL: http://www.pide.org.pk/pdf/Working%20Paper/WorkingPaper-53.pdf
File Function: First Version, 2009
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Paper provided by Pakistan Institute of Development Economics in its series PIDE-Working Papers with number 2009:53.

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Length: 17 pages
Date of creation: 2009
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:pid:wpaper:2009:53
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  1. Zafar Mahmood, 1984. "Income Inequality in Pakistan. An Analysis of Existing Evidence," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 23(2-3), pages 365-379.
  2. S.M. Naseem, 1973. "Mass Poverty in Pakistan. Some Preliminary Findings," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 12(4), pages 317-360.
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