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El impacto del uso del tiempo de las mujeres en el Perú: un recurso escaso y poco valorado en la economía nacional

Author

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  • Arlette Beltrán B.

    (Universidad del Pacífico)

  • Pablo Lavado

    (Universidad del Pacífico)

Abstract

Las medidas convencionales del bienestar, como el producto bruto interno o la pobreza, no tienen en cuenta los bienes producidos dentro del hogar ni tampoco el trabajo realizado en casa y que no es remunerado. El presente documento revisa la cuantificación del valor agregado generado dentro de un hogar peruano, sobre la base del recálculo que se hace al salario promedio de los trabajadores domésticos. Paralelamente, propone una medida complementaria a la pobreza monetaria, que toma en consideración los requerimientos de tiempo para la producción de un hogar: la pobreza de tiempo. El cálculo de esta última revela que son pobres el 43.7% de la población de 2010, 12.62 puntos porcentuales por encima de la pobreza oficial predicha. Es decir, hay 12.62% de la población cuya vulnerabilidad está oculta frente a la medida convencional de pobreza, que no considera la carencia de tiempo de las personas. La investigación empieza en la sección II, donde se presenta el nuevo cálculo del salario de un trabajador doméstico y, a la luz de éste, se revisa la valoración del PBH en lo que se refiere al método de costo de reemplazo. Al mismo tiempo, se utilizan estos resultados mejorados para visibilizar el aporte de las mujeres al trabajo no remunerado que se realiza dentro del hogar, distinguiendo por diferentes factores geográficos y sociales. En la sección III, se explica la definición de la pobreza de tiempo, su metodología de cálculo y la manera en que ha sido aplicada en otros países de la región; asimismo, se presentan los resultados del cálculo de la pobreza de tiempo para el caso peruano. Finalmente, en la sección IV, se proponen algunas conclusiones y recomendaciones de política a la luz de los resultados encontrados.

Suggested Citation

  • Arlette Beltrán B. & Pablo Lavado, 2014. "El impacto del uso del tiempo de las mujeres en el Perú: un recurso escaso y poco valorado en la economía nacional," Working Papers 14-09, Centro de Investigación, Universidad del Pacífico.
  • Handle: RePEc:pai:wpaper:14-09
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    References listed on IDEAS

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