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The Contribution of ICT to Production Efficiency in Italy: Firm-Level Evidence Using Data Envelopment Analysis and Econometric Estimations

Listed author(s):
  • Carlo Milana
  • Alessandro Zeli

This paper examines the impact of information and communications technologies (ICTs) on technical production efficiency in a wide range of Italian industries. Technical efficiency, defined as the firm’s distance from the production efficiency frontier, is one important component of productivity. Assessing the role of ICTs in the organisation and control of production processes may be of primary interest for those firms that are trying to rationalise their production organisation and techniques. The survey of firms examined, the Italian ISTAT SCI covering all firms with at least 20 employees, offers an opportunity to test the hypothesis that ICTs, in both hardware and software components, can positively influence production performance. The analysis is carried out within industries defined by the OECD STAN database, to ease international comparability of the empirical results. Technical efficiency of each individual firm is measured by means of data envelopment analysis, a ... La contribution des TIC à l'efficience de la production en Italie : Eléments au niveau de l'entreprise obtenus par analyse de l'enveloppement des données et estimations économétriques Ce rapport analyse l’incidence des technologies de l’information et des communications (TIC) sur l’efficience de la production technique dans un large éventail d’industries italiennes. L’efficience technique, définie comme l’éloignement de l’entreprise par rapport à la frontière de l’efficience de la production, est une composante importante de la productivité. L’évaluation du rôle des TIC dans l’organisation et le contrôle des processus de production peut être d’un intérêt majeur pour les enterprises qui s’efforcent de rationaliser leur organisation et leurs techniques de production. L’enquête auprès des entreprises sur laquelle porte l’étude, qui est l’enquête sur les comptes des entreprises (SCI) de l’ISTAT couvrant l’ensemble des entreprises d’au moins de 20 salariés, offre une possibilité de tester l’hypothèse selon laquelle les TIC, qu’il s’agisse du matériel ou du logiciel, peuvent avoir une influence positive sur les performances de la production. L’analyse est réalisée à ...

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Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Science, Technology and Industry Working Papers with number 2002/13.

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Date of creation: 13 Sep 2002
Handle: RePEc:oec:stiaaa:2002/13-en
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