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Pharmaceutical Pricing and Reimbursement Policies in Germany

Listed author(s):
  • Valérie Paris


  • Elizabeth Docteur


This paper describes pharmaceutical pricing and reimbursement policies in Germany, considering them in the broader environment in which they operate, and assesses their impact on the achievement of a number of policy goals. Pharmaceutical coverage is comprehensive, with a high level of public funding, and ensures access to treatments. However, recent increases in out-of-pocket payments may impair affordability for the poorest part of the population. Germany does not regulate ex-manufacturer prices of pharmaceuticals at market entry (though distribution margins are regulated for reimbursed drugs). On the other hand, maximum reimbursement amounts (known as reference prices) are set for products which can be clustered in groups of equivalent (generic) or comparable products (...) Ce document décrit les politiques de prix et de remboursement des médicaments en Allemagne, en les replaçant dans le contexte plus large dans lequel elles s’insèrent, et évalue leur impact sur l’atteinte de plusieurs objectifs. La couverture des médicaments par l’assurance maladie est bonne, caractérisée par un haut niveau de prise en charge publique, et permet un bon accès aux traitements. Cependant, les augmentations récentes des paiements à la charge des usagers pourraient entraver l’accessibilité financière pour les populations les plus modestes. L’Allemagne ne régule pas les prix fabricant des médicaments à leur entrée sur le marché, mais seulement les marges des distributeurs pour les médicaments pris en charge par l’assurance maladie. D’un autre côté, des montants maximum de remboursement (souvent nommés “prix de référence ") sont fixés pour les produits qui peuvent être rassemblés au sein de groupes de produits équivalents (génériques) ou comparables.

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Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Health Working Papers with number 39.

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Date of creation: 21 Oct 2008
Handle: RePEc:oec:elsaad:39-en
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