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The Impact of Industrial Relations Practices on Employment and Unemployment

  • David Marsden

This working paper deals with the effects of collective bargaining and other forms of collective employee representation (such as works councils) on employment and unemployment. Collective bargaining is concerned with both substantive issues, such as rates of pay or weeks of notice to be given before lay-off, and procedural matters in which management and employee representatives jointly manage important areas of employee relations thereby contributing to workplace co-operation. Whereas many substantive rules can be said to cause lower levels of employment and enterprise efficiency, procedural rules by reducing transaction costs, improve co-operation and thus, indirectly, help jobs. The paper starts by examining some substantive rules and the evidence for their effects on employment in OECD countries. It then looks at some of the compensating flexibilities which are introduced by procedural rules. These may be dependent on substantive rules: for example, employment security may be a ... Les effets des pratiques en matiere de relations professionnelles sur l'emploi et le chômage Ce document de travail traite des effets des négociations collectives et d'autres formes de représentation collective des salariés (comme les comités d'entreprise) sur l'emploi et le chômage. Les négociations collectives portent à la fois sur des questions de fond, telles les rémunérations ou le nombre de semaines de préavis de licenciement et sur des questions de procédure, domaine dans lequel les représentants du patronat et des salariés gèrent conjointement des aspects importants des relations avec le personnel ce qui renforce la coopération au sein de l'entreprise. Si de nombreuses règles de fond entraînent sans doute une baisse des niveaux d'emploi et nuisent à l'efficacité des entreprises, en revanche les règles de procédure améliorent la coopération en réduisant les coûts de transaction et favorisent ainsi indirectement l'emploi. L'auteur examine d'abord certaines règles de fond et leurs effets sur l'emploi observés dans les pays de l'OCDE. Il analyse ensuite certaines des ...

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Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Jobs Study Working Papers with number 3.

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Date of creation: 1995
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Handle: RePEc:oec:elsaac:3-en
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