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From Inactivity to Work: The Role of Active Labour Market Policies

  • Stéphane Carcillo
  • David Grubb

Many OECD countries have in recent decades experienced periods of relatively rapid growth in nonemployment benefit expenditures and recipiency rates which have not subsequently been reversed. By contrast, in a number of OECD countries the number of unemployment benefit recipients has declined fairly sharply since the mid-1990s. Although national situations for particular benefits vary greatly, a variety of evidence suggests that there is now often substantial scope for bringing people currently in the sick and disabled, lone-parent, old-age and non-categorical social assistance groups into employment. De nombreux pays de l’OCDE ont fait l’expérience ces dernières décennies d’une hausse des prestations de non emploi, tant en termes de dépenses qu’en termes de taux de perception, sans que cette tendance ait été inversée. En comparaison, dans un certain nombre de pays, le nombre de bénéficiaires de prestations de chômage a connu une nette décrue depuis la seconde moitié des années quatre-vingt-dix. Bien que la situation pour chaque type de prestation varie fortement selon les pays, un certain nombre d’éléments suggèrent qu’il existe désormais des marges de manoeuvre pour ramener vers l’emploi des personnes qui bénéficient actuellement de prestations au titre de la maladie, du handicap, de leur statut de parents isolés, de leur âge, ainsi que les bénéficiaires de l’assistance sociale non catégorielle.

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Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Social, Employment and Migration Working Papers with number 36.

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Date of creation: 15 Jun 2006
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:oec:elsaab:36-en
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