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From Inactivity to Work: The Role of Active Labour Market Policies

Author

Listed:
  • Stéphane Carcillo

    (OECD)

  • David Grubb

    (OECD)

Abstract

Many OECD countries have in recent decades experienced periods of relatively rapid growth in nonemployment benefit expenditures and recipiency rates which have not subsequently been reversed. By contrast, in a number of OECD countries the number of unemployment benefit recipients has declined fairly sharply since the mid-1990s. Although national situations for particular benefits vary greatly, a variety of evidence suggests that there is now often substantial scope for bringing people currently in the sick and disabled, lone-parent, old-age and non-categorical social assistance groups into employment. De nombreux pays de l’OCDE ont fait l’expérience ces dernières décennies d’une hausse des prestations de non emploi, tant en termes de dépenses qu’en termes de taux de perception, sans que cette tendance ait été inversée. En comparaison, dans un certain nombre de pays, le nombre de bénéficiaires de prestations de chômage a connu une nette décrue depuis la seconde moitié des années quatre-vingt-dix. Bien que la situation pour chaque type de prestation varie fortement selon les pays, un certain nombre d’éléments suggèrent qu’il existe désormais des marges de manoeuvre pour ramener vers l’emploi des personnes qui bénéficient actuellement de prestations au titre de la maladie, du handicap, de leur statut de parents isolés, de leur âge, ainsi que les bénéficiaires de l’assistance sociale non catégorielle.

Suggested Citation

  • Stéphane Carcillo & David Grubb, 2006. "From Inactivity to Work: The Role of Active Labour Market Policies," OECD Social, Employment and Migration Working Papers 36, OECD Publishing.
  • Handle: RePEc:oec:elsaab:36-en
    DOI: 10.1787/687686456188
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Seamus McGuinness & Philip J. O’Connell & Elish Kelly, 2019. "Carrots, No Stick, No Driver: The Employment Impact of Job Search Assistance in a Regime with Minimal Monitoring and Sanctions," Journal of Labor Research, Springer, vol. 40(2), pages 151-180, June.
    2. Bruno Crépon & Marc Ferracci & Grégory Jolivet & Gerard J. van den Berg, 2009. "Active Labor Market Policy Effects in a Dynamic Setting," Journal of the European Economic Association, MIT Press, vol. 7(2-3), pages 595-605, 04-05.
    3. Martin Biewen & Bernd Fitzenberger & Aderonke Osikominu & Marie Paul, 2014. "The Effectiveness of Public-Sponsored Training Revisited: The Importance of Data and Methodological Choices," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 32(4), pages 837-897.
    4. Immervoll, Herwig, 2009. "Minimum-Income Benefits in OECD Countries: Policy Design, Effectiveness and Challenges," IZA Discussion Papers 4627, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    5. International Monetary Fund, 2007. "Finland: Selected Issues," IMF Staff Country Reports 2007/278, International Monetary Fund.
    6. Pierre-Marc Daigneault, 2014. "Three Paradigms of Social Assistance," SAGE Open, , vol. 4(4), pages 21582440145, November.
    7. Bruno Crépon & Gerard J. van den Berg, 2016. "Active Labor Market Policies," Annual Review of Economics, Annual Reviews, vol. 8(1), pages 521-546, October.
    8. Ballester, Ramon & Recio, Albert & Garriga, Anna, 2015. "Programas de garantía de rentas e inserción laboral: El itinerario de inserción laboral de Cáritas Girona/Minimum Income Schemes and Labour Insertion: The Occupational Itinerary of Caritas Girona," Estudios de Economia Aplicada, Estudios de Economia Aplicada, vol. 33, pages 1011-1036, Septiembr.
    9. Immervoll, Herwig & Richardson, Linda, 2011. "Redistribution Policy and Inequality Reduction in OECD Countries: What Has Changed in Two Decades?," IZA Discussion Papers 6030, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    10. David R. Howell & Miriam Rehm, 2009. "Unemployment compensation and high European unemployment: a reassessment with new benefit indicators," Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 25(1), pages 60-93, Spring.
    11. Raquel Justo & Emilio Congregado & Concepción Román, 2021. "Becoming self-employed from inactivity: an in-depth analysis of satisfaction," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 56(1), pages 145-187, January.
    12. Lourens Broersma & Arjen Edzes & Jouke van Dijk, 2011. "Have Dutch Municipalities Become More Efficient in Managing the Costs of Social Assistance Dependency? (refereed paper)," ERSA conference papers ersa10p177, European Regional Science Association.
    13. Kelly, Elish & McGuinness, Seamus & O'Connell, Philip J., 2011. "What Can Active Labour Market Policies Do?," Papers EC1, Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI).
    14. Rose Marie Azzopardi & Frank Bezzina, 2014. "Understanding Female Inactivity in Malta," SAGE Open, , vol. 4(4), pages 21582440145, December.
    15. Yin Fok & Duncan McVicar, 2013. "Did the 2007 welfare reforms for low income parents in Australia increase welfare exits?," IZA Journal of Labor Policy, Springer;Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit GmbH (IZA), vol. 2(1), pages 1-21, December.
    16. Daniel Fredriksson, 2020. "Moving targets: Target groups of active labour market policies and transitions to employment in Europe," International Journal of Social Welfare, John Wiley & Sons, vol. 29(3), pages 270-284, July.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • H53 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Government Expenditures and Welfare Programs
    • I38 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs
    • J20 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - General
    • J68 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Public Policy

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