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Gendered Career Expectations of Students: Perspectives from PISA 2006


  • Joanna Sikora

    (Australian National University)

  • Artur Pokropek

    (Polish Academy of Science)


This paper provides a comprehensive overview of adolescent career plans reported in PISA 2006. Its main focus is on the differences in the status and area of employment expected by girls and boys in high school. In almost all countries, girls lead boys in their interest in non-manual, high status professional occupations. This can be seen as a vertical dimension of gender segregation in occupational preferences. Students also differ by gender in selecting particular fields of employment within status categories. These differences make up the horizontal segregation of students' expectations and, in PISA 2006, are prominent in the gendered choices of specific subfields of science. Both the vertical and the horizontal dimensions must be considered to appreciate the cultural and institutional factors which promote and reinforce systematic divides in career choices of adolescent boys and girls.

Suggested Citation

  • Joanna Sikora & Artur Pokropek, 2011. "Gendered Career Expectations of Students: Perspectives from PISA 2006," OECD Education Working Papers 57, OECD Publishing.
  • Handle: RePEc:oec:eduaab:57-en
    DOI: 10.1787/5kghw6891gms-en

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    Cited by:

    1. Han, Seong Won, 2016. "National education systems and gender gaps in STEM occupational expectations," International Journal of Educational Development, Elsevier, vol. 49(C), pages 175-187.
    2. Mahmut Çelik & Behçet Öznacar, 2018. "Evaluation of satisfaction of individuals educated in health sciences," Quality & Quantity: International Journal of Methodology, Springer, vol. 52(5), pages 2093-2099, September.
    3. Edo, Anthony & Toubal, Farid, 2017. "Immigration and the gender wage gap," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 92(C), pages 196-214.
    4. Perez-Felkner, Lara & Felkner, John S. & Nix, Samantha & Magalhães, Melissa, 2020. "The puzzling relationship between international development and gender equity: The case of STEM postsecondary education in Cambodia," International Journal of Educational Development, Elsevier, vol. 72(C).
    5. Sikora, Joanna & Biddle, Nicholas, 2015. "How gendered is ambition? Educational and occupational plans of Indigenous youth in Australia," International Journal of Educational Development, Elsevier, vol. 42(C), pages 1-13.

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