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The Jobs Challenge in Poland: Policies to Raise Employment

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  • Andrew Burns
  • Przemyslaw Kowalski

Abstract

With almost 50 per cent of the working age population not working, improving labour market performance represents an essential and daunting challenge for Poland. While some of today’s joblessness is cyclical in nature, most of it appears to be structural. This paper argues that to increase employment levels policy will need to focus on reducing significantly the inactivity traps inherent in the Polish personal transfer system, while improving the efficiency and targeting of social transfers to ensure resources flow to those truly in need. Simultaneously, efforts must be extended to increase firms' propensity to hire the outof-work, by lowering the costs of low-skill labour, reducing associated administrative and regulatory costs and in the longer term by providing graduates with more relevant skills. This paper outlines reforms in each of these areas which, if implemented, would serve to reverse the recent decline in employment and improve the fairness of income ... Le défi de l'emploi en Pologne : Politiques en faveur de l'emploi Alors que près de 50 pour cent de la population d’âge actif est sans emploi, améliorer les performances du marché du travail représente pour la Pologne un formidable défi. Une partie du nonemploi est certes conjoncturelle mais, pour l’essentiel, c’est un phénomène structurel. L’idée développée dans cette étude est que, pour élever le niveau de l’emploi, il faudra s’attacher à réduire notablement les pièges à l’inactivité liés au système des transferts sociaux en Pologne, tout en améliorant l’efficience et le ciblage des transferts de façon que les flux de ressources aillent vers ceux qui en ont véritablement besoin. Parallèlement, il faudra redoubler d’efforts pour inciter davantage les entreprises à embaucher les personnes sans emploi, en abaissant le coût de la main-d’œuvre peu qualifiée, en réduisant les coûts administratifs et réglementaires connexes et, à plus long terme, en orientant les étudiants vers des qualifications plus pertinentes. Cette étude présente des réformes dans ...

Suggested Citation

  • Andrew Burns & Przemyslaw Kowalski, 2004. "The Jobs Challenge in Poland: Policies to Raise Employment," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 414, OECD Publishing.
  • Handle: RePEc:oec:ecoaaa:414-en
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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/460631628533
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    active labour market policies; coûts salariaux; education; enseignement; flexibility of working rules; labour costs; labour market policies; marché du travail; personal transfer system; Poland; politique du marché du travail; Pologne; transferts sociaux;

    JEL classification:

    • E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution; Aggregate Human Capital; Aggregate Labor Productivity
    • H52 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Government Expenditures and Education
    • J20 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - General
    • J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure
    • J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply
    • J23 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Demand
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • J26 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Retirement; Retirement Policies
    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
    • J32 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Nonwage Labor Costs and Benefits; Retirement Plans; Private Pensions
    • J65 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Unemployment Insurance; Severance Pay; Plant Closings
    • O52 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Europe
    • O57 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Comparative Studies of Countries

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