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Gender Equality and Economic Growth in India: A Quantitative Framework

Author

Listed:
  • Pierre-Richard Agénor

    (University of Manchester)

  • Jan Mares

    (OECD)

  • Piritta Sorsa

    (OECD)

Abstract

This paper studies how public policies, including pro-women interventions, can raise female labour force participation and promote economic growth in India. The first part provides a brief review of gender issues in the country. The second part presents a gender-based OLG model, based on Agénor (2015) and Agénor and Canuto (2015), that accounts for women’s time allocation between market work, child rearing, human capital accumulation, and home production. Bargaining between spouses depends on relative human capital stocks. The model is calibrated and various experiments are conducted, including investment in infrastructure, conditional cash transfers, and a reduction in gender bias in the market place. The analysis shows raising female labour force participation with a package of pro-growth and pro-women policies could boost the growth rate by about 2 percentage points over time.

Suggested Citation

  • Pierre-Richard Agénor & Jan Mares & Piritta Sorsa, 2015. "Gender Equality and Economic Growth in India: A Quantitative Framework," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 1263, OECD Publishing.
  • Handle: RePEc:oec:ecoaaa:1263-en
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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/5jrtpbnt7zf4-en
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    1. repec:bpj:ajlecn:v:8:y:2017:i:1:p:36:n:1 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. repec:eee:wdevel:v:104:y:2018:i:c:p:1-9 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    female labour force participation; gender; gender equality; India;

    JEL classification:

    • I15 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health and Economic Development
    • I25 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Education and Economic Development
    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
    • O41 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - One, Two, and Multisector Growth Models

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