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Global Effects of the European Carbon Tax

Listed author(s):
  • Giuseppe Nicoletti

    (OECD)

  • Joaquim Oliveira Martins

    (OECD)

The aim of this paper is to analyse the implications of the European Commission proposal of a mixed energy cum carbon tax to curb CO2 emissions from a global perspective. The paper deals with the effects of this proposal on emissions and welfare in both the EC and the rest of the world by concentrating on three main issues: i) the effectiveness of the proposed tax measures in terms of curbing EC and global CO2 emissions; ii) the implied costs for the EC and the other countries/regions of the world; and iii) the implications of the EC proposal for the world distribution of emissions and the competitiveness of the EC economy. In this connection, the relevance of the so-called "carbon leakages" -- i.e. the displacement of polluting activities from countries participating in an emission reduction agreement to countries not concerned by the agreement -- is examined. The paper provides quantitative answers to these issues using simulations with GREEN, the global dynamic applied general ... L'objet de cette étude est d'analyser d'une point de vue global les effets de la proposition de la Commission Européenne d'une taxe mixte sur l'énergie et le contenu en carbone, pour réduire les émissions de CO2. Les effets de cette proposition sur les émissions et le bien-être collectif de la CEE et du reste du monde sont abordés selon trois perspectives : i) l'impact des mesures fiscales proposées sur les émissions globales et celles de la CEE ; ii) les coûts induits pour la CEE et les autres pays/régions du monde ; et iii) les effets de cette proposition de la Commission sur la répartition des émissions dans le monde et sur la compétitivité de l'économie européenne. A ce titre, la pertinence des prétendues "fuites de carbone" -- i.e. le déplacement des activités polluants de pays signataires d'un accord de réduction des émissions vers des pays non concernés par cet accord, est examinée. Cette étude propose des réponses quantifiées à ces questions au moyen de simulations ...

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File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/450384002553
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Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Economics Department Working Papers with number 125.

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Date of creation: 01 Jan 1992
Handle: RePEc:oec:ecoaaa:125-en
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