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Financial crises: A survey

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  • Amir Sufi
  • Alan M. Taylor

Abstract

Financial crises have large deleterious effects on economic activity, and as such have been the focus of a large body of research. This study surveys the existing literature on financial crises, exploring how crises are measured, whether they are predictable, and why they are associated with economic contractions. Historical narrative techniques continue to form the backbone for measuring crises, but there have been exciting developments in using quantitative data as well. Crises are predictable with growth in credit and elevated asset prices playing an especially important role; recent research points convincingly to the importance of behavioral biases in explaining such predictability. The negative consequences of a crisis are due to both the crisis itself but also to the imbalances that precede a crisis. Crises do not occur randomly, and, as a result, an understanding of financial crises requires an investigation into the booms that precede them.

Suggested Citation

  • Amir Sufi & Alan M. Taylor, 2021. "Financial crises: A survey," NBER Working Papers 29155, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  • Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:29155
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    Cited by:

    1. Collard, Fabrice & Boissay, Frédéric & Galì, Jordi & Manea, Cristina, 2021. "Monetary Policy and Endogenous Financial Crises," TSE Working Papers 21-1277, Toulouse School of Economics (TSE).
    2. Pedro Bordalo & Nicola Gennaioli & Andrei Shleifer, 2022. "Overreaction and Diagnostic Expectations in Macroeconomics," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 36(3), pages 223-244, Summer.
    3. Kim Ristolainen & Tomi Roukka & Henri Nyberg, 2021. "A Thousand Words Tell More Than Just Numbers: Financial Crises and Historical Headlines," Discussion Papers 149, Aboa Centre for Economics.
    4. Akhmadieva, Veronika, 2022. "Fiscal adjustment in a panel of countries 1870–2016," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 50(2), pages 555-568.
    5. Rachel Cho & Rodolphe Desbordes & Markus Eberhardt, 2022. "The causal effects of the darker side of financial development," Discussion Papers 2022-04, University of Nottingham, GEP.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • E7 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macro-Based Behavioral Economics
    • G01 - Financial Economics - - General - - - Financial Crises
    • G10 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - General (includes Measurement and Data)
    • N20 - Economic History - - Financial Markets and Institutions - - - General, International, or Comparative

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