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Firm-to-firm Connections in Colombian Imports


  • Andrew B. Bernard
  • Esther A. Bøler
  • Swati Dhingra


The vast majority of world trade flows is between firms. Only recently has research in international trade started to emphasize the importance of the connections between exporters and importers both in aggregate trade flows and in the negative relationship between trade and geographic distance. This chapter documents the role of firm-to-firm connections in trade flows and the formation and duration of these importer-exporter relationships. Using customs data from Colombia for 1995-2014, we are able to identify both the Colombian importing firm and the foreign exporter in every Colombian import and export transaction. We document both the nature of these bilateral trading relationships and their evolution over time.

Suggested Citation

  • Andrew B. Bernard & Esther A. Bøler & Swati Dhingra, 2018. "Firm-to-firm Connections in Colombian Imports," NBER Working Papers 24557, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  • Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:24557
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    Cited by:

    1. Andrew B. Bernard & Andreas Moxnes, 2018. "Networks and Trade," Annual Review of Economics, Annual Reviews, vol. 10(1), pages 65-85, August.
    2. Philipp Herkenhoff & Sebastian Krautheim & Philip Sauré, 2021. "A Simple Model of Buyer-Seller Networks in International Trade," CESifo Working Paper Series 9124, CESifo.
    3. C.J. Krizan & James Tybout & Zi Wang & Yingyan Zhao, 2020. "Are Customs Records Consistent Across Countries? Evidence from the U.S. and Colombia," Working Papers 20-11, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau.
    4. Spray, J., 2101. "Search Externalities in Firm-to-Firm Trade," Cambridge Working Papers in Economics 2108, Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge.
    5. Fabio Vanni & Paolo Barucca, 2019. "Degree-correlations in a bursting dynamic network model," Journal of Economic Interaction and Coordination, Springer;Society for Economic Science with Heterogeneous Interacting Agents, vol. 14(3), pages 663-695, September.
    6. Benguria, Felipe, 2021. "The matching and sorting of exporting and importing firms: Theory and evidence," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 131(C).

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade

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