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Financial Intermediation and Monetary Policies in the World Economy

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  • Vittorio Grilli
  • Nouriel Roubini

Abstract

In this paper we investigate the role of credit institutions in transmitting monetary shocks to the domestic economy and to the rest of the world output. In modeling the monetary and financial sector of the economy we distinguish between monetary injections via lump-sum transfers to individuals and those via increased credit to the commercial banking sector in the form of discount window operations. Appropriately, we distinguish between the discount rate of the central bank and the lending and borrowing interest rates of commercial banks, which, we assume, are also subject to reserves requirements. We find that a steady state increase in monetary injections via increases in domestic credit leads to an increase in domestic output. On the other hand, we find that an increase in the steady state level of monetary transfers reduces the level of output.

Suggested Citation

  • Vittorio Grilli & Nouriel Roubini, 1991. "Financial Intermediation and Monetary Policies in the World Economy," NBER Technical Working Papers 0104, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  • Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberte:0104
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Fischer, Stanley, 1979. "Capital Accumulation on the Transition Path in a Monetary Optimizing Model," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 47(6), pages 1433-1439, November.
    2. Greenwood, Jeremy & Williamson, Stephen D., 1989. "International financial intermediation and aggregate fluctuations under alternative exchange rate regimes," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 23(3), pages 401-431, May.
    3. Stockman, Alan C. & Svensson, Lars E. O., 1987. "Capital flows, investment, and exchange rates," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 19(2), pages 171-201, March.
    4. Stockman, Alan C., 1981. "Anticipated inflation and the capital stock in a cash in-advance economy," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 8(3), pages 387-393.
    5. Aschauer, David & Greenwood, Jeremy, 1983. "A Further Exploration in the Theory of Exchange Rate Regimes," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 91(5), pages 868-875, October.
    6. Vittorio Grilli & Nouriel Roubini, 1989. "Financial Integration, Liquidity and Exchange Rates," NBER Working Papers 3088, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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    Cited by:

    1. Grilli, Vittorio & Roubini, Nouriel, 1996. "Liquidity models in open economies: Theory and empirical evidence," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 40(3-5), pages 847-859, April.
    2. Demid Golikov, 2005. "Financial Intermediary In Monetary Economics: An Excerpt," Macroeconomics 0510018, EconWPA.
    3. Kim, Soyoung & Roubini, Nouriel, 2000. "Exchange rate anomalies in the industrial countries: A solution with a structural VAR approach," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 45(3), pages 561-586, June.

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