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Financial Intermediation and Monetary Policies in the World Economy

  • Vittorio Grilli
  • Nouriel Roubini

In this paper we investigate the role of credit institutions in transmitting monetary shocks to the domestic economy and to the rest of the world output. In modeling the monetary and financial sector of the economy we distinguish between monetary injections via lump-sum transfers to individuals and those via increased credit to the commercial banking sector in the form of discount window operations. Appropriately, we distinguish between the discount rate of the central bank and the lending and borrowing interest rates of commercial banks, which, we assume, are also subject to reserves requirements. We find that a steady state increase in monetary injections via increases in domestic credit leads to an increase in domestic output. On the other hand, we find that an increase in the steady state level of monetary transfers reduces the level of output.

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Paper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Technical Working Papers with number 0104.

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Date of creation: May 1991
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberte:0104
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  1. Aschauer, David & Greenwood, Jeremy, 1983. "A Further Exploration in the Theory of Exchange Rate Regimes," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 91(5), pages 868-75, October.
  2. Jeremy Greenwood & Stephen D. Williamson, 1988. "International financial intermediation and aggregate fluctuations under alternative exchange rate regimes," Staff Report 112, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis.
  3. Fischer, Stanley, 1979. "Capital Accumulation on the Transition Path in a Monetary Optimizing Model," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 47(6), pages 1433-39, November.
  4. Stockman, Alan C., 1981. "Anticipated inflation and the capital stock in a cash in-advance economy," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 8(3), pages 387-393.
  5. Vittorio Grilli & Nouriel Roubini, 1989. "Financial Integration, Liquidity and Exchange Rates," NBER Working Papers 3088, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  6. Stockman, Alan C. & Svensson, Lars E. O., 1987. "Capital flows, investment, and exchange rates," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 19(2), pages 171-201, March.
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