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"Making work pay" : from justifications to implementations




The aim of this paper is to discuss the relevance of "making work pay" policies from within. We first discuss the various justifications of the motto and then connect them to the existing variety of implementation experiences in Europe. We compare the classical organizarion of arguments behind the motto "making work pay" to an hourglass, the diversity of national institutions regarding work and social protection being one of its top parts ; work incentives constitute the narrow part ; lastly, the variety of implementations corresponds to its other wide end. We show that this unifying reasoning is not relevant and propose a model which corresponds to a more complex logic : the diversity of national institutions and implementations being matched by a set of different and conflicting objectives regarding work, whose dynamic dimension is gaining more and more importance. The policy debate should then be summed up by another motto : "Making transitions pay".

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  • Bernard Gazier & Hélène Zajdela, 2006. ""Making work pay" : from justifications to implementations," Cahiers de la Maison des Sciences Economiques r06073, Université Panthéon-Sorbonne (Paris 1).
  • Handle: RePEc:mse:wpsorb:r06073

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Danièle Guillemot & Patrick Pétour & Hélène Zajdela, 2002. "Trappe à chômage ou trappe à pauvreté. Quel est le sort des allocataires du RMI ?," Revue économique, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 53(6), pages 1235-1252.
    2. Muriel Pucci & Hélène Zajdela, 2004. "Les bénéficiaires du RMI ont-ils besoin d'incitations financières ? Une remise en cause des trappes à inactivité," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) halshs-00273251, HAL.
    3. Stéphane Paillaud & Didier Eyssartier, 1998. "Pâris, un outil d'évaluation dynamique du système fiscalo-social," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 318(1), pages 41-64.
    4. Yannick L’Horty, 2004. "Revenu minimum et retour à l’emploi : une perspective européenne?," Documents de recherche 04-04, Centre d'Études des Politiques Économiques (EPEE), Université d'Evry Val d'Essonne.
    5. Christine Erhel & Bruno Palier, 2005. "Europe sociale et Europe de l'emploi : l'apport de Douglass North à l'explication des trajectoires nationales," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) halshs-00271903, HAL.
    6. Ai-Thu Dang & Jean-Luc Outin & Hélène Zajdela, 2006. "Travailler pour être intégré, mutations des relations entre emploi et protection sociale," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) halshs-00181322, HAL.
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    Cited by:

    1. Muriel Pucci & Hélène Zajdela, 2004. "Quel loisir pour les allocataires du RMI ? L'arbitrage consommation/loisir revisité," Cahiers de la Maison des Sciences Economiques r04106, Université Panthéon-Sorbonne (Paris 1).

    More about this item


    Social protection; labour market policies; work incentives.;

    JEL classification:

    • J2 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor
    • J38 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Public Policy
    • I3 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty

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