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Trappe à chômage ou trappe à pauvreté. Quel est le sort des allocataires du RMI ?

Author

Listed:
  • Danièle Guillemot
  • Patrick Pétour
  • Hélène Zajdela

Abstract

On the basis of the results of the INSEE survey about recipients of the RMI, we aim to evaluate the empirical relevance of analyses based on the notion of the unemployment trap, according to which recipients of the RMI suffer financial disincentives to work. The unemployment trap does not function very much for recipients of the RMI. First, recipients who are unemployed are very active in job searching and rarely refuse a job and even more rarely for financial reasons. They are more likely to face a shortage of labour demand. Secondly, about one out of three recipients who have accepted a job, do so with no financial advantage. For most of them, however, employment provides enhanced well-being. The risk for RMI recipients is more that of falling into a poverty trap than into an unemployment trap. Indeed, they most often have “poor quality jobs” and remain confined to a secondary sector, with a very low probability of migration towards a primary sector composed of “high quality jobs”. Codification JEL : J22, I38

Suggested Citation

  • Danièle Guillemot & Patrick Pétour & Hélène Zajdela, 2002. "Trappe à chômage ou trappe à pauvreté. Quel est le sort des allocataires du RMI ?," Revue économique, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 53(6), pages 1235-1252.
  • Handle: RePEc:cai:recosp:reco_536_1235
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Maxim Engers & Steven Stern, 2002. "Long-Term Care and Family Bargaining," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 43(1), pages 73-114, February.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Bernard Gazier & Hélène Zajdela, 2006. ""Making work pay" : from justifications to implementations," Cahiers de la Maison des Sciences Economiques r06073, Université Panthéon-Sorbonne (Paris 1).
    2. Jérôme Gautié & David Margolis, 2009. "Introduction," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 429(1), pages 3-19.
    3. repec:hal:cesptp:halshs-00567693 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Hélène Périvier, 2010. "La logique sexuée de la réciprocité dans l'assistance," Revue de l'OFCE, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 0(3), pages 237-263.
    5. Philippe Askenazy & Eve Caroli & Jérôme Gautié, 2009. "Un panorama des bas salaires et de la qualité de l'emploi peu qualifié en France," PSE Working Papers halshs-00567693, HAL.
    6. Claude Gamel & Didier Balsan & Josiane Vero, 2005. "L'incidence de l'allocation universelle sur la propension à travailler," Post-Print halshs-00801998, HAL.
    7. repec:hal:journl:halshs-00119155 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Muriel Pucci & Hélène Zajdela, 2004. "Quel loisir pour les allocataires du RMI ? L'arbitrage consommation/loisir revisité," Cahiers de la Maison des Sciences Economiques r04106, Université Panthéon-Sorbonne (Paris 1).

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply
    • I38 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs

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