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"Making work pay" : from justifications to implementations

  • Bernard Gazier

    ()

    (CES - Centre d'économie de la Sorbonne - UP1 - Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - CNRS)

  • Hélène Zajdela

    ()

    (CEPN - Centre d'Economie de l'Université Paris Nord (ancienne affiliation) - Université 13 - CNRS, CEE - Centre d'études de l'emploi - M.E.N.E.S.R. - Ministère de l'Éducation nationale, de l’Enseignement supérieur et de la Recherche - Ministère du Travail, de l'Emploi et de la Santé)

The aim of this paper is to discuss the relevance of «making work pay» policies from within. We first discuss the various justifications of the motto and then connect them to the existing variety of implementation experiences in Europe. We compare the classical organization of arguments behind the motto "making work pay" to an hourglass, the diversity of national institutions regarding work and social protection being one of its top parts ; work incentives constitute the narrow part ; lastly, the variety of implementations corresponds to its other wide end. We show that this unifying reasoning is not relevant and propose a model which corresponds to a more complex logic : the diversity of national institutions and implementations being matched by a set of different and conflicting objectives regarding work, whose dynamic dimension is gaining more and more importance. The policy debate should then be summed up by another motto : «Making transitions pay».

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Paper provided by HAL in its series Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) with number halshs-00119155.

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Date of creation: Sep 2006
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Handle: RePEc:hal:cesptp:halshs-00119155
Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00119155
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  1. Stéphane Paillaud & Didier Eyssartier, 1998. "Pâris, un outil d'évaluation dynamique du système fiscalo-social," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 318(1), pages 41-64.
  2. Hélène Zajdela & Danièle Guillemot & Patrick Pétour, 2002. "Trappe à chômage ou trappe à pauvreté. Quel est le sort des allocataires du RMI ?," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 53(6), pages 1235-1252.
  3. Yannick L’Horty, 2004. "Revenu minimum et retour à l’emploi : une perspective européenne?," Documents de recherche 04-04, Centre d'Études des Politiques Économiques (EPEE), Université d'Evry Val d'Essonne.
  4. Christine Erhel & Bruno Palier, 2005. "Europe sociale et Europe de l'emploi : l'apport de Douglass North à l'explication des trajectoires nationales," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) halshs-00271903, HAL.
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