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The pollution haven hypothesis: a geographic economy model in a comparative study

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Abstract

Although based on theoretical foundations, the pollution haven hypothesis stating that heterogenous environmental regulations between countries influence multinational firms' location decisions, has never been clearly proven empirically. In this study, we reexamine this hypothesis by a fresh take on both its theoretical and empirical aspects. While applying a geographic economy model on French firm-level data, we confirm the pollution haven hypothesis for a global sample. Through sensitivity analysis, we validate it for Central and Eastern European countries, emerging and high-income OECD countries, but not for the major part of the Commonwealth of Independent States countries. Finally, we show that the pollution haven hypothesis is confirmed in the strongest manner for emerging economies.

Suggested Citation

  • Sonia Ben Kheder & Natalia Zugravu, 2008. "The pollution haven hypothesis: a geographic economy model in a comparative study," Documents de travail du Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne v08083, Université Panthéon-Sorbonne (Paris 1), Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne.
  • Handle: RePEc:mse:cesdoc:v08083
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    Cited by:

    1. Xu Wang & Liyan Han & Libo Yin, 2016. "Environmental Efficiency and Its Determinants for Manufacturing in China," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 9(1), pages 1-18, December.
    2. John Feddersen, 2012. "Why we can't confirm the pollution haven hypothesis: A model of carbon leakage with agglomeration," Economics Series Working Papers 613, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
    3. Matthew Panhans & Lucia Lavric & Nick Hanley, 2017. "The Effects of Electricity Costs on Firm Re-location Decisions: Insights for the Pollution Havens Hypothesis?," Environmental & Resource Economics, Springer;European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 68(4), pages 893-914, December.
    4. Ilker Akar, 2019. "The Pollution Haven Hypothesis and Foreign Trade - A Survey on the Relation with Environment," Economics Literature, WERI-World Economic Research Institute, vol. 1(1), pages 37-50, June.
    5. Martin F. Quaas & Sjak Smulders, 2008. "Pollution and the Efficiency of Urban Growth," Working Papers 2008.75, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei.
    6. Qirjo, Dhimitri & Pascalau, Razvan & Krichevskiy, Dmitriy, 2019. "CETA and Air Pollution," MPRA Paper 95608, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    7. Jing Tang & Shilong Li, 2022. "How Do Environmental Regulation and Environmental Decentralization Affect Regional Green Innovation? Empirical Research from China," IJERPH, MDPI, vol. 19(12), pages 1-16, June.
    8. Xing Yao & Rizwana Yasmeen & Yunong Li & Muhammad Hafeez & Ihtsham Ul Haq Padda, 2019. "Free Trade Agreements and Environment for Sustainable Development: A Gravity Model Analysis," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 11(3), pages 1-17, January.
    9. Bowen Li & Antonio Alleyne & Zhaoyong Zhang & Yifei Mu, 2021. "Sustainability and Waste Imports in China: Pollution Haven or Resources Hunting," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 13(2), pages 1-21, January.
    10. Anastasios Xepapadeas & Efthymia Kyriakopoulou, 2009. "Environmental Policy, Spatial Spillovers and the Emergence of Economic Agglomerations," Working Papers 2009.70, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei.
    11. Zhang, Chunhong & Liu, Haiying & Bressers, Hans Th.A. & Buchanan, Karen S., 2011. "Productivity growth and environmental regulations - accounting for undesirable outputs: Analysis of China's thirty provincial regions using the Malmquist–Luenberger index," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 70(12), pages 2369-2379.
    12. Yanwei Lyu & Jinning Zhang & Fei Yang & Di Wu, 2022. "The “Local Neighborhood” Effect of Environmental Regulation on Green Innovation Efficiency: Evidence from China," IJERPH, MDPI, vol. 19(16), pages 1-20, August.
    13. Ke Li & Boqiang Lin & Xiying Liu, 2015. "Special: Theme of Clean Coal How Policy Strategies Affect Clean Coal Technology Innovation in China? A Patent-Based Approach," Energy & Environment, , vol. 26(6-7), pages 1015-1033, November.
    14. Abdelmohsen A. Nassani & Muhammad Moinuddin Qazi Abro & Rubeena Batool & Syed Haider Ali Shah & Shabir Hyder & Khalid Zaman, 2021. "Go‐for‐green policies: The role of finance and trade for sustainable development," International Journal of Finance & Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 26(1), pages 1409-1423, January.
    15. Zhang, Zengkai & Zhu, Kunfu & Hewings, Geoffrey J.D., 2017. "A multi-regional input–output analysis of the pollution haven hypothesis from the perspective of global production fragmentation," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 64(C), pages 13-23.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    FDI; environmental regulation; economic geography; pollution haven hypothesis;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation
    • F18 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade and Environment
    • Q28 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation - - - Government Policy

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