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Exporting, R&D Investment and Firm Survival in the Indian IT Sector

Author

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  • Ratbek Dzhumashev
  • Vinod Mishra
  • Russell Smyth

Abstract

This paper examines the effect of exporting and R&D investment on firm survival for a panel of Indian IT firms. We show that exporting has competing effects on firm survival. On the one hand, exporting and investing in productivity are complementary activities, while, on the other, exporting activity is an additional source of uncertainty for the firm. We show that both effects influence survival, but operate at different points in time. Specifically, the hazard facing exporters is higher than non-exporters in the initial phase following entry into the export market, reflecting the fact that exporters are particularly vulnerable to shocks in the start-up phase. However, over time, exporters benefit more from productivity gains than non-exporters and the hazard facing exporters falls below that confronting non-exporters.

Suggested Citation

  • Ratbek Dzhumashev & Vinod Mishra & Russell Smyth, 2013. "Exporting, R&D Investment and Firm Survival in the Indian IT Sector," Monash Economics Working Papers 60-13, Monash University, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:mos:moswps:2013-60
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    India; Firm survival; Information Technology; R&D; Exports;

    JEL classification:

    • L25 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Firm Performance
    • L86 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Services - - - Information and Internet Services; Computer Software
    • C41 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods: Special Topics - - - Duration Analysis; Optimal Timing Strategies

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