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Einkommen und Sterblichkeit in Deutschland : Leben Reiche länger?

  • Reil-Held, Anette
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    Unterschiede in der Lebenserwartung nach Einkommen wurden bereits für viele Länder untersucht und empirisch belegt. Diese Diskrepanzen in der Lebenserwartung sind wirtschaftspolitisch und empirisch wichtig. Durch die kürzeren Rentenlaufzeiten von Versicherten in den untersten Einkommensgruppe resultieren unerwünschte Umverteilungseffekte in der gesetzlichen Rentenversicherung. Weiterhin ändern einkommensabhängige Mortalitätsraten die Interpretation empirischer Analysen über das Sparverhalten älterer Menschen. Eine Auswertung des Sozio-ökonomischen Panels zeigt, daß auch in Deutschland ein positiver Zusammenhang zwischen dem Einkommen und der Lebenserwartung von Männern und Frauen in der zweiten Lebenshälfte besteht. Männer und Frauen im untersten Viertel der Einkommensverteilung haben eine um etwa 6 bzw. 4 Jahre kürzere Lebenserwartung als Menschen im obersten Einkommensquartil. Dieser Einfluß bleibt auch bei Berücksichtigung zusätzlicher Bestimmungsfaktoren der Mortalität bestehen.

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    File URL: http://ub-madoc.bib.uni-mannheim.de/1031/1/580.pdf
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    Paper provided by Institut fuer Volkswirtschaftslehre und Statistik, Abteilung fuer Volkswirtschaftslehre in its series Discussion Papers with number 580.

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    Date of creation: 2000
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    Handle: RePEc:mnh:vpaper:1031
    Contact details of provider: Postal: D-68131 Mannheim
    Phone: +49-621-181-2773
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    Web page: http://www.vwl.uni-mannheim.de/institut/
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    1. Nancy Jianakoplos & Paul Menchik & Owen Irvine, 1989. "Using Panel Data to Assess the Bias in Cross-sectional Inferences of Life-Cycle Changes in the Level and Composition of Household Wealth," NBER Chapters, in: The Measurement of Saving, Investment, and Wealth, pages 553-644 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. O. Attanasio & H. W. Hoynes, . "Differential mortality and wealth accumulation," Institute for Research on Poverty Discussion Papers 1079-96, University of Wisconsin Institute for Research on Poverty.
    3. Angus Deaton & Christina Paxson, 1999. "Mortality, Education, Income, and Inequality among American Cohorts," NBER Working Papers 7140, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    4. Shorrocks, A F, 1975. "The Age-Wealth Relationship: A Cross-Section and Cohort Analysis," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 57(2), pages 155-63, May.
    5. Michael Hurd, 1998. "SYMPOSIUM on assets, incomes and retirement," Fiscal Studies, Institute for Fiscal Studies, vol. 19(2), pages 141-151, May.
    6. Garrett, Daniel M, 1995. "The Effects of Differential Mortality Rates on the Progressivity of Social Security," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 33(3), pages 457-75, July.
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