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Einkommen und Sterblichkeit in Deutschland : Leben Reiche länger?

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  • Reil-Held, Anette

Abstract

Unterschiede in der Lebenserwartung nach Einkommen wurden bereits für viele Länder untersucht und empirisch belegt. Diese Diskrepanzen in der Lebenserwartung sind wirtschaftspolitisch und empirisch wichtig. Durch die kürzeren Rentenlaufzeiten von Versicherten in den untersten Einkommensgruppe resultieren unerwünschte Umverteilungseffekte in der gesetzlichen Rentenversicherung. Weiterhin ändern einkommensabhängige Mortalitätsraten die Interpretation empirischer Analysen über das Sparverhalten älterer Menschen. Eine Auswertung des Sozio-ökonomischen Panels zeigt, daß auch in Deutschland ein positiver Zusammenhang zwischen dem Einkommen und der Lebenserwartung von Männern und Frauen in der zweiten Lebenshälfte besteht. Männer und Frauen im untersten Viertel der Einkommensverteilung haben eine um etwa 6 bzw. 4 Jahre kürzere Lebenserwartung als Menschen im obersten Einkommensquartil. Dieser Einfluß bleibt auch bei Berücksichtigung zusätzlicher Bestimmungsfaktoren der Mortalität bestehen.

Suggested Citation

  • Reil-Held, Anette, 2000. "Einkommen und Sterblichkeit in Deutschland : Leben Reiche länger?," Discussion Papers 580, Institut fuer Volkswirtschaftslehre und Statistik, Abteilung fuer Volkswirtschaftslehre.
  • Handle: RePEc:mnh:vpaper:1031
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    File URL: https://ub-madoc.bib.uni-mannheim.de/1031/1/580.pdf
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    Cited by:

    1. Tim Krieger & Stefan Traub, 2008. "Back to Bismarck? Shifting Preferences for Intragenerational Redistribution in OECD Pension Systems," Working Papers CIE 13, Paderborn University, CIE Center for International Economics.
    2. Helmuth Cremer & Philippe Donder, 2016. "Life Expectancy Heterogeneity and the Political Support for Collective Annuities," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 118(3), pages 594-615, July.
    3. Richard Hauser & Holger Stein, 2004. "Inequality of the Distribution of Personal Wealth in Germany 1973-1998," Microeconomics 0401005, EconWPA.
    4. Börsch-Supan, Axel & Essig, Lothar, 2005. "Personal assets and pension reform : how well prepared are the Germans?," Papers 05-19, Sonderforschungsbreich 504.
    5. Busl, Claudia & Iliewa, Zwetelina & Jokisch, Sabine & Kappler, Marcus & Roscher, Thomas & Schindler, Felix & Schleer, Frauke, 2012. "Endbericht an das Bundesministerium der Finanzen zum Forschungsauftrag fe 11/11: "Sparen und Investieren vor dem Hintergrund des demografischen Wandels"," ZEW Expertises, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research, number 110554.
    6. Ehrentraut, Oliver & Raffelhüschen, Bernd, 2008. "Demografischer Wandel und Betriebsrenten: Zur Berücksichtigung der Langlebigkeit bei der Anpassung von Direktzusagen," FZG Discussion Papers 25, University of Freiburg, Research Center for Generational Contracts (FZG).

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