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Municipality amalgamation in Japan: an examination using event history analysis


  • Katsuyoshi Nakazawa

    () (University of Toyo)

  • Tomohisa Miyashita

    (PHP research institute)


This study considers the factors behind municipality amalgamations in Japan from fiscal year 1999 to 2005 using event history analysis. We use discrete-time logit model and 21,165 parson-year data. Our findings show that the central government’s “carrot and stick” policy strongly influenced municipality amalgamations for those with high ratios of inter-governmental grants to total revenue. Moreover, neighboring municipalities became the trigger for the amalgamation of other municipalities.

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  • Katsuyoshi Nakazawa & Tomohisa Miyashita, 2013. "Municipality amalgamation in Japan: an examination using event history analysis," MAGKS Papers on Economics 201337, Philipps-Universität Marburg, Faculty of Business Administration and Economics, Department of Economics (Volkswirtschaftliche Abteilung).
  • Handle: RePEc:mar:magkse:201337

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Reingewertz, Yaniv, 2012. "Do municipal amalgamations work? Evidence from municipalities in Israel," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 72(2), pages 240-251.
    2. Liner, Gaines H, 1994. "Institutional Constraints, Annexation and Municipal Efficiency in the 1960s," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 79(3-4), pages 305-323, June.
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    1. repec:eee:regeco:v:66:y:2017:i:c:p:132-149 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Hirota, Haruaki & Yunoue, Hideo, 2017. "Evaluation of the fiscal effect on municipal mergers: Quasi-experimental evidence from Japanese municipal data," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 66(C), pages 132-149.
    3. Saito, Hitoshi & Hirota, Haruaki & Yunoue, Hideo & Miyaki, Miki, 2017. "Does municipal mergers internalize spatial spillover effects? Empirical evidence from Japanese municipalities," MPRA Paper 76833, University Library of Munich, Germany.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • H7 - Public Economics - - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations
    • R5 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Regional Government Analysis

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