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The Acceptability of Money with Multiple Notes Issuers:the Case of Italy (1861-1893)

Author

Listed:
  • Fabrizio Mattesini

    () (Università di Roma "Tor Vergata")

  • Giuseppina Gianfreda

    () (Università della Tuscia)

Abstract

We study the Italian monetary regime from 1861 to the creation of the Bank of Italy in 1893. The regime was characterized by a multi- plicity of note issuers although one of them, the BNS, rapidly became the dominant bank of the country following a process of territorial expansion. We carefully describe the evolution of the system and we analyze its functioning by studying the acceptaibility of banknotes. Since by law banknotes had to be redeemed at par, acceptability is measured by the number of days notes were in circulation. We es- timate the acceptability of the BNS notes in the provinces were the bank had branches and we ?nd that the entry of a smaller issuer lim- ited the capacity of the dominant bank to keep its notes in circulation at local level. We take this as evidence that competition in notes issue worked as an e¤ective discipline device and we argue the fall of the sys- tem should not be readily attributed to the failure of the competittive mechanism.

Suggested Citation

  • Fabrizio Mattesini & Giuseppina Gianfreda, 2012. "The Acceptability of Money with Multiple Notes Issuers:the Case of Italy (1861-1893)," Working Papers LuissLab 12100, Dipartimento di Economia e Finanza, LUISS Guido Carli.
  • Handle: RePEc:lui:lleewp:12100
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    File URL: http://static.luiss.it/RePEc/pdf/lleewp/12100.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Rajan, Raghuram G & Zingales, Luigi, 1998. "Financial Dependence and Growth," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 88(3), pages 559-586, June.
    2. Fenoaltea,Stefano, 2014. "The Reinterpretation of Italian Economic History," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9781107658080.
    3. John C. Driscoll & Aart C. Kraay, 1998. "Consistent Covariance Matrix Estimation With Spatially Dependent Panel Data," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 80(4), pages 549-560, November.
    4. Fenoaltea, Stefano, 2005. "The growth of the Italian economy, 1861 1913: Preliminary second-generation estimates," European Review of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 9(03), pages 273-312, December.
    5. Giuseppina Gianfreda & Nathalie Janson, 2001. "Le banche di emissione in Italia tra il 1861 e il 1893: un caso di concorrenza?," Rivista di Politica Economica, SIPI Spa, vol. 91(1), pages 15-74, January.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    money acceptability; notes redemption; multiple issuers.;

    JEL classification:

    • E42 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Monetary Sytsems; Standards; Regimes; Government and the Monetary System
    • N13 - Economic History - - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics; Industrial Structure; Growth; Fluctuations - - - Europe: Pre-1913
    • C33 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models

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