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FDI in the CEEC's and the Theory of Real Options: An Empirical Assessment


  • Carlo Altomonte


Building on the empirical evidence resulting from a newly developed database of foreign direct investment (FDI) operations in the countries of Central and Eastern Europe (CEECs), panel data techniques are used to show that, at the sector level, a consistent modelling of FDI flows needs to take into account not only the determinants traditionally considered by the literature, including the recent developments on gravity models, but also variables linked to the institutional environment in which the FDI is undertaken. The inclusion of these variables, affecting the risk and the uncertainty of the FDI operation, is in line with the main findings of the real option theory of investments, whose implications are here empirically tested with success.

Suggested Citation

  • Carlo Altomonte, 1998. "FDI in the CEEC's and the Theory of Real Options: An Empirical Assessment," LICOS Discussion Papers 7698, LICOS - Centre for Institutions and Economic Performance, KU Leuven.
  • Handle: RePEc:lic:licosd:7698

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. James R. Markusen, 2004. "Multinational Firms and the Theory of International Trade," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262633078, July.
    2. Jonathan Thomas & Tim Worrall, 1994. "Foreign Direct Investment and the Risk of Expropriation," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 61(1), pages 81-108.
    3. Peter J Buckley & Mark C Casson, 1998. "Models of the Multinational Enterprise," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan;Academy of International Business, vol. 29(1), pages 21-44, March.
    4. Kravis, Irving B. & Lipsey, Robert E., 1982. "The location of overseas production and production for export by U.S. multinational firms," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 12(3-4), pages 201-223, May.
    5. Vannini, Stefano, 1994. "Foreign Direct Investment in Central and Eastern European Countries : The Role of Institutional Reforms," Discussion Papers (IRES - Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales) 1995024, Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES), revised 14 Jul 1995.
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    Cited by:

    1. Hockmann, H., 2003. "Ausländische Direktinvestitionen in den mittel- und osteuropäischen Ländern: Abwägung zwischen Marktpotenzialen und Politikrisiko," Proceedings "Schriften der Gesellschaft für Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaften des Landbaues e.V.", German Association of Agricultural Economists (GEWISOLA), vol. 38.

    More about this item


    panel data; real option theory; gravity models; FDI; transition economies;

    JEL classification:

    • C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • D81 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Criteria for Decision-Making under Risk and Uncertainty
    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration
    • F21 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Investment; Long-Term Capital Movements
    • P20 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Systems and Transition Economies - - - General

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