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How Timber Harvesting and Biodiversity are Managed in Uneven-Aged Forests: A Cluster-Sample Econometric Approach


  • Max Bruciamacchie

    () (Laboratoire d'Economie Forestière, INRA - AgroParisTech)

  • Serge Garcia

    () (Laboratoire d'Economie Forestière, INRA - AgroParisTech)

  • Anne Stenger

    () (Laboratoire d'Economie Forestière, INRA - AgroParisTech)


This paper investigates the joint production of timber and biodiversity by non-industrial private forest owners using a micro-econometric household production model. The objective of the paper is to explain the relationships between harvest strategies, timber price and the observed diversity of trees. To do so, we analyze (1) forest owners' demand of species diversity and their timber supplies, (2) the jointness in timber and nontimber products. We use a database of uneven-aged forests in France for which several economic and ecological variables are regularly collected. We use cluster-sample methods to simulate the forest owner in a multi-product framework where the di_erent products and the timber prices depend on species, tree diameter and timber quality. We estimate a two-step model by reporting the predicted value of demand in tree diversity in the timber supply equation. Our results show that timber and tree diversity are substitutes but that timber price positively a_ects tree diversity.

Suggested Citation

  • Max Bruciamacchie & Serge Garcia & Anne Stenger, 2006. "How Timber Harvesting and Biodiversity are Managed in Uneven-Aged Forests: A Cluster-Sample Econometric Approach," Working Papers - Cahiers du LEF 2006-04, Laboratoire d'Economie Forestiere, AgroParisTech-INRA.
  • Handle: RePEc:lef:wpaper:2006-04

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    File Function: First version, 2006
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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Tahvonen, Olli & Salo, Seppo, 1999. "Optimal Forest Rotation within SituPreferences," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 37(1), pages 106-128, January.
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    More about this item


    household production; jointness; timber; biodiversity; cluster sample;

    JEL classification:

    • C29 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Other
    • D13 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Household Production and Intrahouse Allocation
    • Q23 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation - - - Forestry


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