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The Impact of Labour Turnover: Theory and Evidence from UK Micro-Data

Author

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  • Gaia Garino

    ()

  • Christopher Martin

Abstract

We analyse the impact of labour turnover on profits. We extend the efficiency wage model of Salop (1979) by separating incumbent and newly hired workers in the production function. We show that an exogenous increase in the turnover rate can increase profits, but only where firms do not choose the wage. This effect of turnover varies across firms as it depends on turnover costs, the substitutability of incumbents and new hires and other factors. We test our model on UK cross-sectional establishment-level data. We find that our predictions are consistent with the data.

Suggested Citation

  • Gaia Garino & Christopher Martin, 2005. "The Impact of Labour Turnover: Theory and Evidence from UK Micro-Data," Discussion Papers in Economics 05/10, Department of Economics, University of Leicester, revised May 2007.
  • Handle: RePEc:lec:leecon:05/10
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    File URL: http://www.le.ac.uk/economics/research/RePEc/lec/leecon/dp05-10.pdf
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    Cited by:

    1. Ricardo Mamede, 2009. "Toward an integrated approach to industry dynamics and labor mobility," Industrial and Corporate Change, Oxford University Press, vol. 18(1), pages 139-163, February.
    2. Sarah Brown & Gaia Garino & Christopher Martin, 2007. "Labour Turnover and Firm Performance," Working Papers 2007012, The University of Sheffield, Department of Economics, revised Sep 2007.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Labour Turnover; Turnover Costs; Optimal Turnover;

    JEL classification:

    • J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure
    • J23 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Demand
    • E3 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles
    • F4 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance

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