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Transformation of the Rice Marketing System and Myanmar's Transition to a Market Economy

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  • Okamoto, Ikuko

Abstract

Creating a rice marketing system has been one of the central policy issues in Myanmar's move to a market economy since the end of the 1980s. Two liberalizations of rice marketing were implemented in 1987 and 2003. This paper examines the essential aspects of the liberalizations and the subsequent transformation of Myanmar's rice marketing sector. It attempts to bring into clearer focus the rationale of the government's rice marketing reforms which is to maintain a stable supply of rice at a low price to consumers. Under this rationale, however, the state rice marketing sector continued to lose efficiency while the private sector was allowed to develop on condition that it did not jeopardize the rationale of stable supply at low price. The paper concludes that the prospect for the future development of the private rice marketing sector is dim since a change in the rice market's rationale is unlikely. Private rice exporting is unlikely to be permitted, while the domestic market is approaching the saturation point. Thus, there is little momentum for the private rice sector to undertake any substantial expansion of investment.

Suggested Citation

  • Okamoto, Ikuko, 2005. "Transformation of the Rice Marketing System and Myanmar's Transition to a Market Economy," IDE Discussion Papers 43, Institute of Developing Economies, Japan External Trade Organization(JETRO).
  • Handle: RePEc:jet:dpaper:dpaper43
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    File URL: https://ir.ide.go.jp/?action=repository_action_common_download&item_id=38123&item_no=1&attribute_id=22&file_no=1
    File Function: First version, 2005
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Takashi Kurosaki & Ikuko Okamoto & Kyosuke Kurita & Koichi Fujita, 2004. "Rich Periphery, Poor Center: Myanmar's Rural Economy under Partial Transition to a Market Economy," Hi-Stat Discussion Paper Series d03-23, Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University.
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    Cited by:

    1. Belton, Ben & Hein, Aung & Htoo, Kyan & Kham, L. Seng & Nischan, Ulrike & Reardon, Thomas & Boughton, Duncan, 2015. "Aquaculture In Transition: Value Chain Transformation, Fish And Food Security In Myanmar," Feed the Future Innovation Lab for Food Security Policy Research Papers 259027, Michigan State University, Department of Agricultural, Food, and Resource Economics, Feed the Future Innovation Lab for Food Security (FSP).
    2. World Bank, 2014. "Myanmar : Capitalizing on Rice Export Opportunities," World Bank Publications - Reports 17278, The World Bank Group.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Myanmar; Rice; Marketing system; Liberalization; Marketing; Transition to market economy; ミャンマー; マーケティング; ; 市場経済化;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • P39 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Institutions and Their Transitions - - - Other
    • Q13 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agricultural Markets and Marketing; Cooperatives; Agribusiness
    • Q18 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agricultural Policy; Food Policy

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