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Wie nachhaltig ist das deutsche Jobwunder? Eine Reformbilanz

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  • Schneider, Hilmar

    () (IZA)

Abstract

Die Arbeitsmarktreformen von 2003 bis 2005 haben entscheidend zu einer bemerkenswerten Trendumkehr auf dem deutschen Arbeitsmarkt beigetragen und damit auch einen wichtigen Beitrag geleistet, das Land besser auf die Konsequenzen des bevorstehenden demografischen Wandels vorzubereiten. Die Schlüsselfunktion kommt dabei aber nicht der Reform der Instrumente der aktiven Arbeitsmarktpolitik zu, sondern den Einschnitten bei den passiven Leistungen der Arbeitsmarktpolitik. Insbesondere die Abschaffung der Arbeitslosenhilfe hat sowohl für eine Beseitigung der faktischen Frühverrentungsanreize durch die Arbeitslosenversicherung als auch für eine Beschleunigung des Stellenbesetzungsprozesses gesorgt. Für Unternehmen und Gewerkschaften ist es seither erheblich schwieriger geworden, Abkommen zulasten der Solidargemeinschaft zu vereinbaren. Die Verantwortung der Tarifpartner für das Arbeitsmarktgeschehen ist dadurch wieder unmittelbarer geworden, was letztlich einer Stärkung der Marktkräfte gleichkommt.

Suggested Citation

  • Schneider, Hilmar, 2012. "Wie nachhaltig ist das deutsche Jobwunder? Eine Reformbilanz," IZA Standpunkte 51, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izasps:sp51
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    Cited by:

    1. Thomas Koch & Joël Massol, 2014. "Le chômage partiel en Allemagne : le « remède miracle » dans la crise ?," Working Papers hal-01077119, HAL.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Hartz-Reform; Kündigungsschutz; Zeitarbeit; Lohnstückkosten; Workfare; Arbeitsmarktpolitik;

    JEL classification:

    • I38 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs
    • J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure
    • J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply
    • J65 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Unemployment Insurance; Severance Pay; Plant Closings
    • K31 - Law and Economics - - Other Substantive Areas of Law - - - Labor Law

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