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Mehr Ungleichheit durch kleinere Haushalte? Der Einfluss von Veränderungen der Haushaltsstruktur auf die Einkommensverteilung in Deutschland

  • Peichl, Andreas

    ()

    (IZA)

  • Pestel, Nico

    ()

    (IZA)

  • Schneider, Hilmar

    ()

    (IZA)

Da die Analyse von Einkommensverteilungen auf äquivalenzgewichteten Einkommen beruht, ist die Entwicklung der Einkommensungleichheit nicht nur Ausdruck für Veränderungen in der Entlohnungsstruktur, sondern auch für Veränderungen von Haushaltsgröße und -zusammensetzung. In den letzten 15 bis 20 Jahren ist die Einkommensungleichheit in Deutschland kontinuierlich gestiegen, während sich gleichzeitig die durchschnittliche Haushaltsgröße deutlich verringert hat. Das Ziel des vorliegenden Beitrags besteht darin, den Effekt der demografischen Entwicklung auf die Einkommensungleichheit zu quantifizieren. Es zeigt sich, dass die Ungleichheit auch ohne den demografischen Trend zugenommen hätte. Ihr Niveau wäre allerdings deutlich geringer ausgefallen als es sich tatsächlich darstellt.

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Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Standpunkte with number 18.

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Length: 21 pages
Date of creation: Sep 2009
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:iza:izasps:sp18
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  1. Andreas Peichl & Nico Pestel & Hilmar Schneider, 2009. "Demografie und Ungleichheit: der Einfluss von Veränderungen der Haushaltsstruktur auf die Einkommensverteilung in Deutschland," SOEPpapers on Multidisciplinary Panel Data Research 205, DIW Berlin, The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP).
  2. Shorrocks, A F, 1980. "The Class of Additively Decomposable Inequality Measures," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 48(3), pages 613-25, April.
  3. Jan Goebel & Peter Krause, 2007. "Gestiegene Einkommensungleichheit in Deutschland," Wirtschaftsdienst, Springer, vol. 87(12), pages 824-832, December.
  4. Markus M. Grabka, 2007. "Codebook for the $PEQUIV File 1984-2006: CNEF Variables with Extended Income Information for the SOEP," Data Documentation 21, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
  5. Gert G. Wagner & Joachim R. Frick & Jürgen Schupp, 2007. "The German Socio-Economic Panel Study (SOEP): Scope, Evolution and Enhancements," SOEPpapers on Multidisciplinary Panel Data Research 1, DIW Berlin, The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP).
  6. Shorrocks, Anthony F, 1984. "Inequality Decomposition by Population Subgroups," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 52(6), pages 1369-85, November.
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