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Is Graduate Under-employment Persistent? Evidence from the United Kingdom


  • Mosca, Irene

    () (Trinity College Dublin)

  • Wright, Robert E.

    () (University of Strathclyde)


This paper examines the persistence of under-employment amongst UK higher education graduates. For the cohort of individuals who graduated in 2002/3, micro-data collected by the Higher Education Statistical Agency, are used to calculate the rates of "non-graduate job" employment 6 months and 42 months after graduation. A logit regression analysis suggests the underemployment is not a short-term phenomenon and is systematically related to a set of observable characteristics. It is also found that under-employment 6 months after graduation is positively related to under-employment 42 months after graduation, which is consistent with the view that the nature of the first job after graduation is important in terms of occupational attainment later in the life-cycle.

Suggested Citation

  • Mosca, Irene & Wright, Robert E., 2011. "Is Graduate Under-employment Persistent? Evidence from the United Kingdom," IZA Discussion Papers 6177, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp6177

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    Cited by:

    1. Peter Cappelli, 2014. "Skill Gaps, Skill Shortages and Skill Mismatches: Evidence for the US," NBER Working Papers 20382, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. repec:sos:sosjrn:170308 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Rochelle Beukes & Tina Fransman & Simba Murozvi & Derek Yu, 2016. "Underemployment in South Africa," Working Papers 06/2016, Stellenbosch University, Department of Economics.

    More about this item


    graduates; under-employment; over-education; persistence; United Kingdom;

    JEL classification:

    • I23 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Higher Education; Research Institutions
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers
    • R23 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population

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