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Labour Market Outcomes and Skill Acquisition in the Host Country: North African Migrants Returning Home from the European Union

Author

Listed:
  • Mahuteau, Stephane

    () (University of Adelaide)

  • Tani, Massimiliano

    () (University of New South Wales)

Abstract

This paper studies the educational investment decisions of returning migrants while abroad in the context of their decisions about the choice of activity upon returning and the duration of migration. The theoretical model builds on Dustmann (1999), Dustmann and Kirchkamp (1992) and Mesnard (2004). Using data from the MIREM database we explore whether the type of skills acquired by migrants while abroad is related to the activity chosen upon return and the duration of migration. The results suggest that the type of education plays a significant role in the migration decisions of those returning as wage earners or self-employed. In particular, there is a clear positive relationship between being self-employed and having previously invested in vocational education in the host country. There is also a strong positive relationship between investing in university education abroad and becoming a wage earner. As international migration facilitates skill transfers between developed and developing countries, the economic development of the latter will increasingly depend on migrants' ability to access educational and vocational training in the developed world aside from university education. Returning migrants with vocational and professional training tend to be self-employed after returning home, and by so doing they contribute to reducing poverty in the host country.

Suggested Citation

  • Mahuteau, Stephane & Tani, Massimiliano, 2011. "Labour Market Outcomes and Skill Acquisition in the Host Country: North African Migrants Returning Home from the European Union," IZA Discussion Papers 5441, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp5441
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    File URL: http://ftp.iza.org/dp5441.pdf
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Anda David & Christophe Nordman, 2014. "Skill Mismatch and Migration in Egypt and Tunisia," Working Papers DT/2014/05, DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation).
    2. Ardiana Gashi & Nick Adnett, 2015. "The Determinants of Return Migration: Evidence for Kosovo," Croatian Economic Survey, The Institute of Economics, Zagreb, vol. 17(2), pages 57-81, December.
    3. repec:bla:intmig:v:51:y:2017:i:1:p:127-154 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Anda M. David, 2017. "Back to Square One: Socioeconomic Integration of Deported Migrants," International Migration Review, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 51(1), pages 127-154, March.
    5. repec:dau:papers:123456789/13140 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    education; human capital; return migration; duration of migration;

    JEL classification:

    • F2 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business
    • J6 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers

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