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Der Finanzierungsbeitrag der Ausländer zu den deutschen Staatsfinanzen: Eine Bilanz für 2004

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  • Bonin, Holger

    () (IZA)

Abstract

Diese Studie bilanziert den Beitrag der ausländischen Bevölkerung in Deutschland zu den öffentlichen Haushalten im Fiskaljahr 2004. Grundlage sind auf Basis des Sozio-Oekonomischen Panels geschätzte, auf die Staatseinnahmen und -ausgaben gemäß Volkswirtschaftlichen Gesamtrechnungen kalibrierte Profile der durchschnittlichen Zahlungen nach Alter und Nationalität für 33 verschiedene Steuern, Beiträge und Transfers einschließlich Bildung. Die Ergebnisse zeigen einen laufenden Überschuss der von Ausländern empfangenen Einnahmen über die Transferausgaben von 2.000 Euro pro Kopf. Obwohl sich der Finanzierungsbeitrag zukünftig verschlechtert, weil die ausländische Bevölkerung altert, entlasten die Ausländer den Staatshaushalt auch langfristig. Unter Status quo-Bedingungen beträgt ihr mittlerer fernerer Finanzierungsbeitrag im Barwert 11.600 Euro. Bei 7,2 Millionen Ausländern in Deutschland summiert sich dieser Überschuss auf 84 Milliarden Euro. This paper calculates the net contribution of foreigners to the public coffers in Germany in fiscal year 2004. On the basis of profiles measuring the per capita payments by age and nationality, retrieved from the GSOEP for 33 different taxes and transfers including education, we observe that currently tax revenues exceed transfer payments by 2,000 Euros per foreigner. The fiscal contribution of foreigners stays positive even after accounting for demographic aging in the future. Calculating the expected rest-of-life net tax payments under status quo conditions, we find an average net tax payment of foreigners of 11,600 Euros per capita in present value terms.

Suggested Citation

  • Bonin, Holger, 2006. "Der Finanzierungsbeitrag der Ausländer zu den deutschen Staatsfinanzen: Eine Bilanz für 2004," IZA Discussion Papers 2444, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp2444
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    Cited by:

    1. Holger Hinte & Klaus F. Zimmermann, 2010. "Mehr ökonomische Rationalität in der Zuwanderungspolitik," Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung / Quarterly Journal of Economic Research, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 79(1), pages 85-100.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Germany; generational accounting; migrants;

    JEL classification:

    • F22 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Migration
    • E66 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - General Outlook and Conditions

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