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Sozial-ökologische Konzepte, Modelle und Indikatoren nachhaltiger Entwicklung. Trends im Ressourcenverbrauch in Österreich

  • Gaube, Veronika
  • Haberl, Helmut
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    Schon jetzt verbraucht die Menschheit in einem Jahr etwa so viele Ressourcen, wie die Biosphäre in 1,2 Jahren produzieren kann. Mit anderen Worten: Die Menschheit verbraucht etwa 20 % mehr Ressourcen, als global nachhaltig wäre. Für die nächsten Jahrzehnte wird aber weltweit ein erhebliches Bevölkerungswachstum auf 9-11 Milliarden Menschen im Jahr 2050 vorausgesagt. Zudem lebt ein erheblicher Teil der Menschheit in Armut, Hunger und Elend – sozial und ökonomisch unhaltbare Zustände, deren Beseitigung jedenfalls neben beträchtlichen finanziellen Mitteln auch erhebliche Mengen an natürlichen Ressourcen verschlingen wird. Der Beitrag geht einerseits auf die Konzepte „gesellschaftlicher Stoffwechsel“ und „Kolonisierung“ ein und zeigt andererseits Trends im Ressourcenverbrauch Österreichs vor allem im Hinblick auf den Inlandskonsum von Materialien und Energie sowie auf die dafür nötige Flächeninanspruchnahme auf.

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    Paper provided by Institute of Technology Assessment (ITA) in its series ITA manu:scripts with number 06_03.

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    Date of creation: 16 Nov 2006
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:ita:itaman:06_03
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    1. Muradian, Roldan & Martinez-Alier, Joan, 2001. "Trade and the environment: from a 'Southern' perspective," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 36(2), pages 281-297, February.
    2. Hallock, John L. & Tharakan, Pradeep J. & Hall, Charles A.S. & Jefferson, Michael & Wu, Wei, 2004. "Forecasting the limits to the availability and diversity of global conventional oil supply," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 29(11), pages 1673-1696.
    3. Weisz, Helga & Krausmann, Fridolin & Amann, Christof & Eisenmenger, Nina & Erb, Karl-Heinz & Hubacek, Klaus & Fischer-Kowalski, Marina, 2006. "The physical economy of the European Union: Cross-country comparison and determinants of material consumption," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 58(4), pages 676-698, July.
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