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Impacts of Climate Change on transport: a focus on road and rail transport infrastructures




This report provides a general EU-wide outlook about the future vulnerability of transport to climate change with a focus on the road and rail transport and their infrastructures. It also analyses some specific adaptations measures, illustrating key issues to be considered for policy making. It represents a first JRC/IPTS scientific contribution to the analysis of future impacts of climate change on the transport system in Europe, and has been conducted in the framework of the JRC PESETAII project. Depending on future global warming and the region in Europe, transport modes and system components could be affected by one or several simultaneous changes in the climate conditions, including hotter summer conditions, extreme precipitation events, increased storminess and sea level rise. If such impacts are not anticipated in future transport infrastructure design and maintenance, those changing weather conditions could, in some regions, accelerate their deterioration, increase severe damages risks, traffic interruption and accidents which could, on their turn, affect economic activities. This research project has drawn some future trends regarding changing exposure of road and rail infrastructures to weather-induced risk under climate change, considering two future time intervals (2040-2070 and 2070-2100), future infrastructure deterioration and damage costs and costs associated with some selected adaptation cases.

Suggested Citation

  • Françoise Nemry & Hande Demirel, 2012. "Impacts of Climate Change on transport: a focus on road and rail transport infrastructures," JRC Working Papers JRC72217, Joint Research Centre (Seville site).
  • Handle: RePEc:ipt:iptwpa:jrc72217

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    Cited by:

    1. Ortega, Emilio & Martín, Belén & Aparicio, Ángel, 2020. "Identification of critical sections of the Spanish transport system due to climate scenarios," Journal of Transport Geography, Elsevier, vol. 84(C).
    2. Francesco Rotoli & Elena Navajas Cawood & Antonio Soria, 2016. "Capacity assessment of railway infrastructure: Tools, methodologies and policy relevance in the EU context," JRC Working Papers JRC100509, Joint Research Centre (Seville site).
    3. Yusifov, Elshad Masim oghlu & Kulu, Tekmez Korkmaz oghlu & Mammadov, Hasan Parviz oghlu, 2019. "Logistics Sector In Azerbaijan Economy: Structural Improvements And Orientations Strategic Development," EUREKA: Social and Humanities, Scientific Route OU, issue 2, pages 29-38.
    4. Kwiatkowski, Kyle P. & Chinowsky, Paul S., 2017. "Climate change adaptation as an organizational system in transportation infrastructure organizations: Identifying processes and institutional elements," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 60(C), pages 47-53.
    5. Maja Rotter & Esther Hoffmann & Anna Pechan & Rebecca Stecker, 2016. "Competing priorities: how actors and institutions influence adaptation of the German railway system," Climatic Change, Springer, vol. 137(3), pages 609-623, August.
    6. Chinowsky, Paul & Helman, Jacob & Gulati, Sahil & Neumann, James & Martinich, Jeremy, 2019. "Impacts of climate change on operation of the US rail network," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 75(C), pages 183-191.
    7. Schweikert, Amy & Chinowsky, Paul & Kwiatkowski, Kyle & Espinet, Xavier, 2014. "The infrastructure planning support system: Analyzing the impact of climate change on road infrastructure and development," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 35(C), pages 146-153.


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