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Multilevel governance for smart specialisation: basic pillars for its construction

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The aim of this Report is to help policy makers working in different government levels involved in Smart Specialisation (S3) processes to understand how multilevel governance operates in their context and also how they can develop and facilitate its construction in their S3 strategies. The motivation behind this study is the belief that multilevel governance (MLG) can be improved and that S3 can be made more efficient with a win-win approach for different governments involved in the process. In order to begin this reflection, we first define the concept of multilevel governance, connect it to other relevant concepts regarding S3 and explain the place-based and experimental nature of multilevel governance, highlighting its complexity as one of its main characteristics. After describing the government levels that are actually in charge of S3 strategies under the umbrella of the European Commission, the brief focuses on its main contribution: the definition of four pillars for the construction of multilevel governance of place-based S3 strategies. We defined these pillars to help understand how multilevel governance can be built. For each of the pillars, one example linked to the Basque cases is described, together with another example from a different context, i.e. the Six City strategy in Finland, the regions of Flanders in Belgium, Extremadura in Spain, and Baden-Württemberg in Germany.

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  • Miren Larrea & Miren Estensoro & Martina Pertoldi, 2019. "Multilevel governance for smart specialisation: basic pillars for its construction," JRC Research Reports JRC116076, Joint Research Centre.
  • Handle: RePEc:ipt:iptwpa:jrc116076
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    File URL: https://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC116076
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    1. Arne Isaksen & Roman Martin & Michaela Trippl (ed.), 2018. "New Avenues for Regional Innovation Systems - Theoretical Advances, Empirical Cases and Policy Lessons," Springer Books, Springer, number 978-3-319-71661-9, June.
    2. Markku Sotarauta, 2018. "Smart specialization and place leadership: dreaming about shared visions, falling into policy traps?," Regional Studies, Regional Science, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 5(1), pages 190-203, January.
    3. Dominique Foray & Xabier Goenaga, 2013. "The goals of Smart Specialisation," JRC Research Reports JRC82213, Joint Research Centre.
    4. Inmaculada PERIANEZ FORTE & MARINELLI Elisabetta & Dominique FORAY & John Huw EDWARDS & Martina PERTOLDI & Kevin Morgan & Krzysztof MIESZKOWSKI & Javier GOMEZ PRIETO & Claire Nauwelaers & Ruslan RAKHM, 2016. "Implementing Smart Specialisation Strategies: A Handbook," JRC Research Reports JRC102764, Joint Research Centre.
    5. Miren Estensoro & Miren Larrea, 2016. "Overcoming policy making problems in smart specialization strategies: engaging subregional governments," European Planning Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 24(7), pages 1319-1335, July.
    6. Hooghe, Liesbet & Marks, Gary, 2001. "Types of Multi-Level Governance," European Integration online Papers (EIoP), European Community Studies Association Austria (ECSA-A), vol. 5, October.
    7. Kevin Morgan, 2017. "Nurturing novelty: Regional innovation policy in the age of smart specialisation," Environment and Planning C, , vol. 35(4), pages 569-583, June.
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    1. Susanne Mueller‐Using & Wieslaw Urban & Jan Wedemeier, 2020. "Internationalization of SMEs in the Baltic Sea Region: Barriers of cross‐national collaboration considering regional innovation strategies for smart specialization," Growth and Change, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 51(4), pages 1471-1490, December.
    2. Miren Estensoro & Miren Larrea, 2023. "Facilitation of Entrepreneurial Discovery Processes by Policymakers: an Actionable Definition of Roles and Challenges," Journal of the Knowledge Economy, Springer;Portland International Center for Management of Engineering and Technology (PICMET), vol. 14(2), pages 1321-1342, June.
    3. Dominique Lepore & Francesca Spigarelli, 2020. "Integrating Industry 4.0 plans into regional innovation strategies," Local Economy, London South Bank University, vol. 35(5), pages 496-510, August.
    4. Laima Gerlitz & Christopher Meyer & Christopher Meyer & Gunnar Prause & Gunnar Prause, 2020. "Methodology approach on benchmarking Regional Innovation on Smart Specialisation (RIS3): a joint macro-regional tool to regional performance evaluation and monitoring in Central Europe," Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Issues, VsI Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Center, vol. 8(2), pages 1359-1385, December.

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    Keywords

    Multilevel governance; Smart Specialisation; territorial development; innovation policy; local strategies;
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