IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Colombia: Selected Issues


  • International Monetary Fund


This Selected Issues paper examines the export growth in Colombia. Colombian exports are heavily concentrated in commodities but the large real depreciation since 2015 offers an opportunity to grow nontraditional exports substantially. Colombia’s comparative advantage in noncommodity products was weak in 2013-15, and export diversification was low, partly owing to the commodity price boom. Exports grew moderately in recent years but in line with historical relationships given fundamentals. The export outlook is positive. Given global growth assumptions, the IMF staff’s models predict acceleration in export growth. The historical experience of commodity exporters suffers large real depreciations also paints a positive picture.

Suggested Citation

  • International Monetary Fund, 2018. "Colombia: Selected Issues," IMF Staff Country Reports 2018/129, International Monetary Fund.
  • Handle: RePEc:imf:imfscr:2018/129

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Jorge García García & David Camilo López & Enrique Montes Uribe, 2016. "Los costos de comerciar en Colombia: aproximación basada en una comparación de precios," Coyuntura Económica, Fedesarrollo, vol. 46(2), pages 75-139, December.
    2. Juan José Perfetti & Jesús Botero & Sandra Oviedo & David Forero & Sebastián Higuera & Manuel Correa & José García, 2017. "Política comercial agrícola: nivel, costos y efectos de la protección en Colombia," Informes de Investigación 15714, Fedesarrollo.
    3. Xiaodan Ding & Metodij Hadzi-Vaskov, 2017. "Composition of Trade in Latin America and the Caribbean," IMF Working Papers 2017/042, International Monetary Fund.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Most related items

    These are the items that most often cite the same works as this one and are cited by the same works as this one.
    1. International Monetary Fund, 2017. "Cluster Report: Trade Integration in Latin America and the Caribbean," IMF Staff Country Reports 2017/066, International Monetary Fund.
    2. David C. López-Valenzuela & Enrique Montes-Uribe & Héctor M. Zárate-Solano & Alvaro Carmona-Duarte, 2019. "Determinantes y evolución entre precios y cantidades de las exportaciones industriales de Colombia: un estudio a partir de un modelo de Panel-VAR," Borradores de Economia 1075, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    3. Jorge García García & María Mercedes Collazos & David Camilo López & Enrique Montes Uribe, 2017. "Los Costos de Comerciar en Colombia – Resultados de la Encuesta de Comercio Exterior del Banco de la República," Borradores de Economia 1015, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    4. Metodij Hadzi-Vaskov & Mr. Luca A Ricci, 2019. "The Nonlinear Relationship Between Public Debt and Sovereign Credit Ratings," IMF Working Papers 2019/162, International Monetary Fund.
    5. Peguero, Felipe & Zapata, Samuel & Sandoval, Luis, 2019. "Agricultural Production of Central America and the Caribbean: Challenges and Opportunities," Choices: The Magazine of Food, Farm, and Resource Issues, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 34(3), September.
    6. María Angélica Arbeláez & Sebastián Higuera & Roberto Steiner & Sandra Zuluaga, 2018. "Protecting “sensitive” agricultural products in Colombia : a political economy approach," Coyuntura Económica, Fedesarrollo, vol. 48(1-2), pages 153-205, December.
    7. International Monetary Fund, 2018. "Indonesia: Selected Issues," IMF Staff Country Reports 2018/033, International Monetary Fund.
    8. Valerie Cerra & Alfredo Cuevas & Carlos Goes & Izabela Karpowicz & Troy Matheson & Issouf Samake & Svetlana Vtyurina, 2017. "Determinants of Infrastructure and Its Financing," Emerging Economy Studies, International Management Institute, vol. 3(2), pages 113-126, November.
    9. Jorge García-García & Enrique Montes-Uribe & Iader Giraldo-Salazar (ed.), 2019. "Comercio exterior en Colombia: política, instituciones, costos y resultados," Books, Banco de la Republica de Colombia, number 2019-isbn:9789586644068.
    10. International Monetary Fund, 2017. "Brazil: Selected Issues," IMF Staff Country Reports 2017/216, International Monetary Fund.
    11. International Monetary Fund, 2020. "Eastern Caribbean Currency Union: 2019 Discussion on Common Policies of Member Countries-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Eastern Caribbean Currency Union," IMF Staff Country Reports 2020/070, International Monetary Fund.
    12. Martha Delgado, 2019. "Uso potencial y efectivo de la tierra agrícola en Colombia : resultados del Censo Nacional Agropecuario," Informes de Investigación 18898, Fedesarrollo.
    13. Ms. Kimberly Beaton & Ms. Valerie Cerra & Metodij Hadzi-Vaskov, 2021. "Trade, Jobs, and Inequality," IMF Working Papers 2021/178, International Monetary Fund.
    14. International Monetary Fund, 2020. "Peru: Selected Issues," IMF Staff Country Reports 2020/004, International Monetary Fund.
    15. International Monetary Fund, 2020. "Peru: 2019 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; Staff Statement and Statement by the Executive Director for Peru," IMF Staff Country Reports 2020/003, International Monetary Fund.
    16. Reda Cherif & Fuad Hasanov & Lichen Wang, 2018. "Sharp Instrument: A Stab at Identifying the Causes of Economic Growth," IMF Working Papers 2018/117, International Monetary Fund.
    17. Ms. Kimberly Beaton & Aliona Cebotari & Xiaodan Ding & Andras Komaromi, 2017. "Trade Integration in Latin America: A Network Perspective," IMF Working Papers 2017/148, International Monetary Fund.
    18. International Monetary Fund, 2018. "Chile: Selected Issues Paper," IMF Staff Country Reports 2018/312, International Monetary Fund.
    19. Gebrerufael Samson Gebresilasie, 2017. "Dynamics of Product Complexity in Africa: Structural Estimation Using Structuralists Model," Journal of Heterodox Economics, Sciendo, vol. 4(1), pages 11-35, June.
    20. Saalfield, Jon, 2022. "Potential trade implications of Latin America and the Caribbean’s climate commitments under the Paris Agreement," Comercio Internacional 48555, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:imf:imfscr:2018/129. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a bibliographic reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: Akshay Modi (email available below). General contact details of provider: .

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service. RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.