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Greenfield versus Merger \& Acquisition FDI: Same Wine, Different Bottles?

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  • Ronald B. Davies

    () (University College Dublin; Institute for International Integration Studies, Trinity College Dublin)

  • Rodolphe Desbordes

    () (University of Strathclyde)

  • Anna Ray

    () (Sciences Po, Paris School of Economics and Universit\'{e} Paris 1 Pant\'{e}on-Sorbonne)

Abstract

Relying on a large foreign direct investment (FDI) transaction level dataset, unique both in terms of disaggregation and time and country coverage, this paper examines patterns in greenfield (GF) versus merger \& acquisition (MA) investment. Although both are found to seek out large markets with low international barriers, important differences emerge. MA is more affected by geographic and cultural barriers and exhibits opportunistic behaviours as it is more sensitive to short-run changes, such as a currency crisis. On the other hand, GF is relatively driven by long-run factors, such as origin-country technological and institutional development or comparative advantage. These empirical facts are consistent with the conceptual distinction made between these two modes, i.e. MA involves transfer of ownership for integration or arbitrage reasons while GF relies on firms' own capacities, which are linked to the origin countries' attributes. They also suggest that GF and MA are likely to respond differently to policies intended to attract FDI.

Suggested Citation

  • Ronald B. Davies & Rodolphe Desbordes & Anna Ray, 2015. "Greenfield versus Merger \& Acquisition FDI: Same Wine, Different Bottles?," The Institute for International Integration Studies Discussion Paper Series iiisdp469, IIIS.
  • Handle: RePEc:iis:dispap:iiisdp469
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    Cited by:

    1. Ronald B. Davies & Michael J. Lamla & Marc Schiffbauer, 2016. "Learning or Leaning: Persistent and Transitory Spillovers from FDI," KOF Working papers 16-399, KOF Swiss Economic Institute, ETH Zurich.
    2. Davies,Ronald B. & Lamla,Michael Josef & Schiffbauer,Marc Tobias, 2016. "Learning or leaning : persistent and transitory growth spillovers from FDI," Policy Research Working Paper Series 7591, The World Bank.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • F21 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Investment; Long-Term Capital Movements
    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business

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