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Vertical redistribution and horizontal inequity

Author

Listed:
  • Peter Lambert,

    (Institute for Fiscal Studies)

  • Xavier Ramos

    (Institute for Fiscal Studies)

Abstract

Inequality of post-tax income among pre-tax equals is evaluated and aggregated to form a global index of horizontal inequity in the income tax. The vertical action of the tax is captured by its inequality effect on average between groups of pre-tax equals. Putting the two together, horizontal inequity measures loss of vertical performance. The identification problem, which has previously been thought insuperable, is addressed by a procedure validating the banding of income units into 'close equals' groups. The horizontal and vertical effects of a major Spanish income tax reform are evaluated. Lines for future investigation are suggested.

Suggested Citation

  • Peter Lambert, & Xavier Ramos, 1995. "Vertical redistribution and horizontal inequity," IFS Working Papers W95/01, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
  • Handle: RePEc:ifs:ifsewp:95/01
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    Cited by:

    1. Miyazaki, Takeshi & Kitamura, Yukinobu, 2014. "Redistributive Effects of Income Tax Rates and Tax Base 1984-2009: Evidence from Japanese Tax Reforms," Discussion Paper Series 610, Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University.
    2. Maria Cubel & Peter Lambert, 2002. "Progression-neutral income tax reforms and horizontal inequity," Journal of Economics, Springer, vol. 9(1), pages 1-8, December.
    3. Ivica Urban & Peter J. Lambert, 2008. "Redistribution, Horizontal Inequity, and Reranking: How to Measure Them Properly," Public Finance Review, , vol. 36(5), pages 563-587, September.
    4. Paul Allanson, 2007. "Classical Horizontal Inequities in the Provision of Agricultural Income Support," Review of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 29(4), pages 656-671.
    5. Maria Cubel & Peter Lambert, "undated". "Horizontal Inequity can be a Good Thing," Discussion Papers 99/17, Department of Economics, University of York.
    6. Valentino Dardoni & Peter Lambert,, 2000. "Progressivity comparisons," IFS Working Papers W00/18, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
    7. Juan Gabriel Rodríguez & Rafael Salas & Irene Perrote, 2005. "Partial Horizontal Inequity Orderings: A Non-parametric Approach," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 67(3), pages 347-368, June.
    8. Irene Perrote & Juan Gabriel Rodríguez & Rafael Salas, 2003. "La inequidad horizontal y la redistribución vertical en el Impuesto sobre la Renta de las Personas Físicas: Un análisis de robustez," Hacienda Pública Española, IEF, vol. 166(3), pages 49-60, September.
    9. Thor O. Thoresen & Zhiyang Jia & Peter J. Lambert, 2013. "Distributional benchmarking in tax policy evaluations," Discussion Papers 765, Statistics Norway, Research Department.
    10. Peter Lambert & Thor Thoresen, 2009. "Base independence in the analysis of tax policy effects: with an application to Norway 1992–2004," International Tax and Public Finance, Springer;International Institute of Public Finance, vol. 16(2), pages 219-252, April.
    11. Michael Hoy & Peter Lambert, 2000. "Genetic Screening and Price Discrimination in Insurance Markets," The Geneva Risk and Insurance Review, Palgrave Macmillan;International Association for the Study of Insurance Economics (The Geneva Association), vol. 25(2), pages 103-130, December.
    12. Luis José Imedio Olmedo & Encarnación Macarena Parrado Gallardo & María Dolores Sarrión Gavilán, 2005. "Horizontal equity, equal progression: an utilitarian approach," Hacienda Pública Española, IEF, vol. 174(3), pages 87-115, September.
    13. Hyacinth Ementa Ichoku & William Munpuibeyi Fonta, 2006. "The Distributional Impact of Healthcare Financing in Nigeria: A Case Study of Enugu State," Working Papers PMMA 2006-17, PEP-PMMA.

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