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Relative Performance, Relative Deprivation and Generalised Gini Indices of Inequality and Horizontal Inequity

  • Duclos, J.Y.

Il est possible d'interpréter une classe d'indices d'iniquité horizontale comme représentant un regroupement de moyennes normatives de sentiments individuels de performance relative dans la distribution des taxes et des transferts. Un membre très connu de cette classe est l'indice d'iniquité horizontale d'Atkinson et de Plotnick. On peut interpréter de façon similaire des indices généralisés de Gini comme étant des moyennes normatives de sentiments individuels de privation relative. La combinaison de ces deux classes d'indices peut nous permettre de mieux soupeser les objectifs concurrents de réduction d'inégalité et d'équité horizontale. Les résultats portant sur l'équité horizontale sont illustrés à l'aide de la distribution des taxes et des transferts au Canada en 1981 et en 1990. Nous trouvons que les sentiments de mauvaise performance relative ainsi que l'iniquité horizontale ont augmenté de façon statistiquement significative dans les années 1980.

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Paper provided by Laval - Recherche en Politique Economique in its series Papers with number 9514.

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Length: 19 pages
Date of creation: 1995
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:fth:lavape:9514
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