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Multidimensional Indices Of Housing Deprivation With Application To Spain

  • Luis Ayala (*)

    ()

    (Universidad Rey Juan Carlos)

  • Carolina Navarro

    (Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia)

. The main aim of this paper is to define a multidimensional index of housing deprivation and identify the main determining characteristics of this phenomenon, using Spain as a point of reference. The paper grounds on the notion of housing deprivation as an insufficiency in the basic functioning of this commodity and uses a latent variable model that attempts to overcome some of the traditional difficulties encountered in multidimensional deprivation studies. The construction of a latent structure model has allowed a set of partial housing deprivation indices to be grouped together under a single index. It has also enabled each individual to be assigned to a different class depending on the level and type of deprivation. The results show that the vector of observed variables (having hot running water, heating, a leaky roof, damp walls or floor, rot in window frames or floors, and overcrowding) and the correlations among such variables can be explained by a single latent variable. Results also show that housing deprivation is not distributed homogenously among the population..

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Paper provided by Instituto de Estudios Fiscales in its series Working Papers with number 12-04 Classification-JEL : I31, I32..

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Handle: RePEc:hpe:wpaper:y:2004:i:12
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  1. repec:ese:iserwp:2000-42 is not listed on IDEAS
  2. Klasen, Stephan, 2000. "Measuring Poverty and Deprivation in South Africa," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 46(1), pages 33-58, March.
  3. A. Atkinson, 2003. "Multidimensional Deprivation: Contrasting Social Welfare and Counting Approaches," Journal of Economic Inequality, Springer, vol. 1(1), pages 51-65, April.
  4. Böhnke, Petra & Delhey, Jan, 1999. "Poverty in a multidimensional perspective: Great Britain and Germany in comparison," Discussion Papers, Research Unit: Social Structure and Social Reporting FS III 99-413, Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB).
  5. Satya R. Chakravarty & Conchita D'Ambrosio, 2003. "The Measurement of Social Exclusion," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 364, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
  6. Raquel Arévalo-Tomé, 1999. "Construcción de un índice de calidad de la vivienda," Investigaciones Economicas, Fundación SEPI, vol. 23(2), pages 267-280, May.
  7. Miguel-Angel López García, 2005. "La vivienda y la reforma fiscal de 1998: un ejercicio de simulación," Hacienda Pública Española, IEF, vol. 175(4), pages 123-147, december.
  8. Indranil Dutta & Prasanta K. Pattanaik & Yongsheng Xu, 2003. "On Measuring Deprivation and the Standard of Living in a Multidimensional Framework on the Basis of Aggregate Data," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 70(278), pages 197-221, 05.
  9. José María Arranz & Carlos García-Serrano, . "¿Qué Ha Sucedido Con La Estabilidad Del Empleo En España?. Un Análisis Desagregado Con Datos De La Epa: 1987-2003(*)," Working Papers 4-04 Classification-JEL :, Instituto de Estudios Fiscales.
  10. Desai, Meghnad & Shah, Anup, 1988. "An Econometric Approach to the Measurement of Poverty," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 40(3), pages 505-22, September.
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