IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Trade in Value Added Revisited: A Comment on R. Johnson and G. Noguera, Accounting for Intermediates: Production Sharing and Trade in Value Added


  • Kuboniwa, Masaaki


In light of growing intermediate goods trade, Johnson and Noguera (2012) developed theoretical and empirical research on the new concept of trade in value added in place of gross trade. However, they did not deal with the relationship between the new value added trade balance and the gross trade balance. Presented here is that in the case of two countries and many sectors the new value added trade balance always equals the gross trade balance. We verify this proposition by using an international input-output data compiled by Groningen University. In the case with three countries (China, the USA and the rest of the world; ROW) and many sectors, the China-USA trade balance or the USA-China imbalance measured in value added for 2010 is 23.5% smaller than that in gross terms, whereas the China-ROW trade balance in value added is 94% larger than that in gross terms.

Suggested Citation

  • Kuboniwa, Masaaki, 2014. "Trade in Value Added Revisited: A Comment on R. Johnson and G. Noguera, Accounting for Intermediates: Production Sharing and Trade in Value Added," Discussion Paper Series 598, Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University.
  • Handle: RePEc:hit:hituec:598

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Trefler, Daniel & Zhu, Susan Chun, 2010. "The structure of factor content predictions," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 82(2), pages 195-207, November.
    2. Robert Koopman & William Powers & Zhi Wang & Shang-Jin Wei, 2010. "Give Credit Where Credit Is Due: Tracing Value Added in Global Production Chains," NBER Working Papers 16426, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. Johnson, Robert C. & Noguera, Guillermo, 2012. "Accounting for intermediates: Production sharing and trade in value added," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 86(2), pages 224-236.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Kuboniwa, Masaaki, 2014. "Fundamental Theorem on the Relationship between Trade Balances in Value Added and Gross Terms: Amendment," Discussion Paper Series 600, Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University.
    2. Kuboniwa, Masaaki, 2014. "Bilateral Equivalence between Trade in Value Added and Value Added Content of Trade," Discussion Paper Series 601, Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University.

    More about this item


    trade in value added; gross trade; input-output tables; global supply chain;

    JEL classification:

    • F1 - International Economics - - Trade
    • C67 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Input-Output Models
    • D57 - Microeconomics - - General Equilibrium and Disequilibrium - - - Input-Output Tables and Analysis
    • R15 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Econometric and Input-Output Models; Other Methods

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:hit:hituec:598. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Hiromichi Miyake). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.