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Gender and ethnic interactions among teachers and students – evidence from Sweden

Author

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  • Lindahl, Erica

    () (Department of Economics, Uppsala University)

Abstract

This study investigates the importance of gender and ethnic interactions among teachers and students for school performance in Swedish, English and Mathematics. School leaving certificates assigned by the teacher is compared with results on comprehensive national tests. The analysis is based on data on grade 9 students (age 16) from Sweden. I find that a student is likely to obtain better test scores in Mathematics, when the share of teachers of the same gender as the student increases. Correspondingly, ethnic minority students, on average, obtain better test scores in Mathematics, when the share of ethnic minority teachers increases. The positive same-gender effect on test scores is counteracted by a negative assessment effect. That is, conditional on test scores, same-gender teachers are less generous than opposite-gender teachers when assessing students’ performance. In Swedish and English no statistically significant effects are found.

Suggested Citation

  • Lindahl, Erica, 2007. "Gender and ethnic interactions among teachers and students – evidence from Sweden," Working Paper Series 2007:25, IFAU - Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy.
  • Handle: RePEc:hhs:ifauwp:2007_025
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    File URL: http://www.ifau.se/upload/pdf/se/2007/wp07-25.pdf
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    Cited by:

    1. Karachiwalla, Naureen, 2013. "A teacher unlike me: Social distance, learning, and intergenerational mobility in developing countries," MPRA Paper 64439, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 22 May 2015.
    2. Falch, Torberg & Naper, Linn Renée, 2013. "Educational evaluation schemes and gender gaps in student achievement," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 36(C), pages 12-25.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    School achievements; student and teacher interactions; gender; race;

    JEL classification:

    • I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education

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