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The Demand for Intercity Public Transport: The Case of Business Passengers

  • Carlsson, Fredrik


    (Department of Economics, School of Economics and Commercial Law, Göteborg University)

Using a stated preference survey on business passengers travelling with rail or air between the two largest cities in Sweden, we investigate business passengers' preferences for different modes of transport and their corresponding attributes. We explore the usefulness of a more flexible specification of the demand for transport by using a random parameter logit (RPL) model. In the paper we find that there is a gain in using an RPL model compared to a fixed effect model, in the sense that it provides richer information about the passengers' preferences. However, we also find that the valuation of attributes does not significantly differ between a standard logit and an RPL model. Compared to what previous studies have found, the values put on attributes are very high, this including the environmental impact of the modes. This is largely explained by the fact that business passengers do not bear the cost of the trip, but still have the possibility if deciding mode of transport.

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Paper provided by University of Gothenburg, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers in Economics with number 12.

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Length: 24 pages
Date of creation: 31 Mar 1999
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published in Applied Economics, 2003, pages 41-50.
Handle: RePEc:hhs:gunwpe:0012
Contact details of provider: Postal: Department of Economics, School of Business, Economics and Law, University of Gothenburg, Box 640, SE 405 30 GÖTEBORG, Sweden
Phone: 031-773 10 00
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  5. Brownstone, David & Train, Kenneth, 1999. "Forecasting new product penetration with flexible substitution patterns," University of California Transportation Center, Working Papers qt3tb6j874, University of California Transportation Center.
  6. J. A. Hausman & D. A. Wise, 1976. "A Conditional Profit Model for Qualitative Choice: Discrete Decisions Recognizing Interdependence and Heterogeneous Preferences," Working papers 173, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Department of Economics.
  7. Krinsky, Itzhak & Robb, A Leslie, 1986. "On Approximating the Statistical Properties of Elasticities," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 68(4), pages 715-19, November.
  8. Kenneth E. Train, 1998. "Recreation Demand Models with Taste Differences over People," Land Economics, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 74(2), pages 230-239.
  9. Algers, Staffan & Bergström, Pål & Dahlberg, Matz & Lindqvist Dillén, Johanna, 1998. "Mixed Logit Estimation of the Value of Travel Time," Working Paper Series 1998:15, Uppsala University, Department of Economics.
  10. Herriges, Joseph A. & Kling, Catherine L., 2003. "Recreation Demand Models," Staff General Research Papers 10211, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
  11. David Revelt & Kenneth Train, 1998. "Mixed Logit With Repeated Choices: Households' Choices Of Appliance Efficiency Level," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 80(4), pages 647-657, November.
  12. Kahneman, Daniel & Knetsch, Jack L., 1992. "Valuing public goods: The purchase of moral satisfaction," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 22(1), pages 57-70, January.
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