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L'Indice du Développement Humain ou l'indice monétaire de développement ? Evidences par l’Analyse en Composantes Principales

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  • Issaka Dialga

    () (LEMNA - Laboratoire d'économie et de management de Nantes Atlantique - IEMN-IAE Nantes - Institut d'Économie et de Management de Nantes - Institut d'Administration des Entreprises - Nantes - UN - Université de Nantes - IUML - FR 3473 Institut universitaire Mer et Littoral - UM - Le Mans Université - UA - Université d'Angers - UN - Université de Nantes - ECN - École Centrale de Nantes - UBS - Université de Bretagne Sud - IFREMER - Institut Français de Recherche pour l'Exploitation de la Mer - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

Abstract

L'article discute de quatre questions cruciales relatives à l'Indice du Développement Humain (IDH). Le choix des seuils de normalisation de l'indice revenu influence-t-il le classement des pays ? Est-il opportun de mesurer le progrès humain au travers un indice synthétique ? Les performances des pays sont-elles expliquées par la seule dimension monétaire ? Le choix d'une pondération égale des composantes de l'indice a-t-il une validité statistique ? En reprenant les données du rapport 2014 sur l'IDH, et contre toute évidence apparente, l'Analyse en Composantes Principales (ACP) fournit des résultats surprenants.

Suggested Citation

  • Issaka Dialga, 2016. "L'Indice du Développement Humain ou l'indice monétaire de développement ? Evidences par l’Analyse en Composantes Principales," Working Papers hal-01308724, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:wpaper:hal-01308724
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01308724
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    Keywords

    IDH ; indice revenu ; seuils de normalisation ; système de pondération ; méthode ACP;

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