IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/p/hal/journl/halshs-00170460.html
   My bibliography  Save this paper

La comptabilité en " juste valeur " permet-elle une meilleure représentation de l'entreprise ?

Author

Listed:
  • Jean-François Casta

    () (DRM - Dauphine Recherches en Management - Université Paris-Dauphine - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

Abstract

For a number of decades now, at the instigation of Anglo-Saxon standard setters, the basis of the traditional accounting model, or the financial conventions which determine how a company's wealth and income is measured, have been increasingly called into question. This wide-reaching movement, initiated in the United States by the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB), and internationally by the International Accounting Standards Committee (IASC), aims to replace historical cost - the current basis for the measurement of a company's income statement and valuation of its assets and liabilities - with the notion of fair value. The concept of fair value is broader and can be applied more generally than that of market value indeed, where there is no quoted market price available on an active market, the valuation is determined by the exchange value agreed by two independent parties, by the market price of an item with similar characteristics or by the net present value estimate of future cash flows. The most significant European use of it has been the requirement (IAS 39) to use fair value in the measurement of financial instruments, but the IASB also prescribes it for investment properties (IAS 40) and agriculture (IAS 41). Fair value can potentially be used for a large number of non-financial assets and liabilities and can therefore serve as the basis for a new corporate accounting model which aims to provide a more accurate reflection of the uncertainties affecting future cash flow estimates and investment opportunities in financial reports.This article looks at the usefulness of measuring a company's wealth and net income using the fair value method. In this regard, the key question - is fair value relevant? - can be analysed as follows: do fair value "accounting numbers" provide a better estimate of the value of a company and the risk relating to its activity? How informative are they for users? How useful is fair value information for decision-making? In order to answer these questions, we shall first examine the basis and limitations of the traditional accounting model. We will then analyse the determining factors in the emergence of the fair value method, with particular regard to the role attributed to financial statements and the needs of their users. Lastly, we will present a summary of the empirical studies carried out to assess the usefulness of fair value accounting information.

Suggested Citation

  • Jean-François Casta, 2003. "La comptabilité en " juste valeur " permet-elle une meilleure représentation de l'entreprise ?," Post-Print halshs-00170460, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-00170460
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00170460
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00170460/document
    Download Restriction: no

    Other versions of this item:

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. repec:dau:papers:123456789/1858 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Jean-François Casta, 2009. "Incertitude et comptabilité," Post-Print halshs-00679551, HAL.
    3. Jean-François Casta & Bernard Colasse, 2001. "Juste valeur," Post-Print halshs-00669417, HAL.
    4. Jean-François Casta, 2003. "La comptabilité en « juste valeur » permet-elle une meilleure représentation de l’entreprise ?," Revue d'Économie Financière, Programme National Persée, vol. 71(2), pages 17-31.
    5. Cornett, Marcia Millon & Rezaee, Zabihollah & Tehranian, Hassan, 1996. "An investigation of capital market reactions to pronouncements on fair value accounting," Journal of Accounting and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 22(1-3), pages 119-154, October.
    6. Barth, Mary E. & Landsman, Wayne R. & Wahlen, James M., 1995. "Fair value accounting: Effects on banks' earnings volatility, regulatory capital, and value of contractual cash flows," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 19(3-4), pages 577-605, June.
    7. Eccher, Elizabeth A. & Ramesh, K. & Thiagarajan, S. Ramu, 1996. "Fair value disclosures by bank holding companies," Journal of Accounting and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 22(1-3), pages 79-117, October.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
    as


    Cited by:

    1. Gregory Heem & Dominique Dufour, 2012. "Crise financière et comptabilité : le cas du reclassement des instruments financiers dans les banques européennes," Post-Print halshs-00721108, HAL.
    2. repec:dau:papers:123456789/3889 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Zine-Eddine, Yasmine, 2017. "Les normes IAS/IFRS et le défi du traitement comptable du Goodwill
      [IAS/ IFRS standards and the challenges in the Goodwill accounting treatment]
      ," MPRA Paper 76403, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Samira Demaria, 2006. "Vers une dynamique de la convention « coût historique » sous l'effet de l'application des normes comptables IAS/IFRS ?," Post-Print halshs-00548086, HAL.
    5. Jean-François Casta, 2003. "La comptabilité en « juste valeur » permet-elle une meilleure représentation de l’entreprise ?," Revue d'Économie Financière, Programme National Persée, vol. 71(2), pages 17-31.
    6. Bernard Colasse, 2009. "La normalisation comptable internationale face à la crise," Revue d'Économie Financière, Programme National Persée, vol. 95(2), pages 387-399.
    7. Samira Demaria & Grégory Heem, 2014. "L'évolution du lien entre les normes comptables et prudentielles : une analyse du point de vue des parties prenantes du secteur bancaire," GREDEG Working Papers 2014-36, Groupe de REcherche en Droit, Economie, Gestion (GREDEG CNRS), University of Nice Sophia Antipolis.
    8. Chedli Baccouche & Sana Ben Ghodbane, 2012. "Fair value evaluation: analysis and determinants," International Journal of Critical Accounting, Inderscience Enterprises Ltd, vol. 4(1), pages 77-91.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Fair value accounting; accounting measurement; valuation principles under IFRS; value relevance of acounting numbers; Comptabilité en juste valeur; mesure comptable du patrimoine et du résultat; évaluation et normes IAS IFRS; utilité de l'information financière;

    JEL classification:

    • G14 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Information and Market Efficiency; Event Studies; Insider Trading
    • M41 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Accounting - - - Accounting
    • G14 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Information and Market Efficiency; Event Studies; Insider Trading
    • M41 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Accounting - - - Accounting

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-00170460. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (CCSD). General contact details of provider: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/ .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.