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Jobs, News and Reoffending after Incarceration

Author

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  • Roberto Galbiati

    (ECON - Département d'économie (Sciences Po) - Sciences Po - Sciences Po - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Aurélie Ouss

    (University of Pennsylvania)

  • Arnaud Philippe

    (University of Bristol [Bristol])

Abstract

While theoretically important, the relationship between crime and employment is difficult to measure empirically. This paper addresses major identification challenges by exploiting high frequency data of daily online postings on job openings and closings at the county level, merged with individual-level administrative data about all inmates released from French prisons. We find that people who are released when jobs are being created are less likely to recidivate; conversely, people who are released when jobs are being cut are more likely to recidivate. We further show that news on job creation matters, over and beyond actual employment opportunities, suggesting implications for crime-control policies. From a methodological standpoint, this paper demonstrates how using media and online information on jobs can generate higher-frequency variation than administrative employment data, and help to overcome identification challenges to capture effects of variations in job market opportunities, especially when combined with other administrative sources.
(This abstract was borrowed from another version of this item.)

Suggested Citation

  • Roberto Galbiati & Aurélie Ouss & Arnaud Philippe, 2020. "Jobs, News and Reoffending after Incarceration," Post-Print hal-02957423, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:hal-02957423
    DOI: 10.1093/ej/ueaa057
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    3. Benjamin Monnery & Saïd Souam & Anna Montagutelli, 2021. "Economie du travail en prison : enjeux, résultats et recommandations," EconomiX Working Papers 2021-26, University of Paris Nanterre, EconomiX.
    4. Zachary S. Fone & Joseph J. Sabia & Resul Cesur, 2019. "Do Minimum Wage Increases Reduce Crime?," NBER Working Papers 25647, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    5. Amanda Y. Agan & Michael D. Makowsky, 2023. "The Minimum Wage, EITC, and Criminal Recidivism," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 58(5), pages 1712-1751.
    6. Kevin Schnepel, 2017. "Do post-prison job opportunities reduce recidivism?," IZA World of Labor, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA), pages 399-399, November.

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