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On the Nature and Magnitude of Cost Economies in Hog Production

Author

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  • Carl Gaigné

    () (UMR 1302 Structures et Marchés Agricoles, Ressources et Territoires - INRA - Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique - AGROCAMPUS OUEST - SMART - Structures et Marchés Agricoles, Ressources et Territoires)

  • Sabine Duvaleix-Treguer

    () (UMR 1302 Structures et Marchés Agricoles, Ressources et Territoires - INRA - Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique - AGROCAMPUS OUEST - SMART - Structures et Marchés Agricoles, Ressources et Territoires)

Abstract

In this paper, we assess the impact of farm size on production cost and evaluate the marginal costs and margins by considering that input prices may change with the scale of production. By using French hog farm data, we estimate a system of equations including a feed price function, input demand functions, and an output supply function based on a technology approximated by a combined generalized Leontief-Quadratic form. Our results suggest that the marginal costs are over-estimated when the adjustment of the feed unit prices to a change in farm size is not controlled for.

Suggested Citation

  • Carl Gaigné & Sabine Duvaleix-Treguer, 2016. "On the Nature and Magnitude of Cost Economies in Hog Production," Post-Print hal-01238428, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:hal-01238428
    DOI: 10.1111/agec.12245
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01238428
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Michaela Draganska & Daniel Klapper & Sofia B. Villas-Boas, 2010. "A Larger Slice or a Larger Pie? An Empirical Investigation of Bargaining Power in the Distribution Channel," Marketing Science, INFORMS, vol. 29(1), pages 57-74, 01-02.
    2. Christensen, Laurits R & Jorgenson, Dale W & Lau, Lawrence J, 1973. "Transcendental Logarithmic Production Frontiers," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 55(1), pages 28-45, February.
    3. J. Fernandez-Cornejo & C. M. Gempesaw II & J. G. Elterich & S. E. Stefanou, 1992. "Dynamic Measures of Scope and Scale Economies: An Application to German Agriculture," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 74(2), pages 329-342.
    4. Antonio Alvarez & Carlos Arias, 2003. "Diseconomies of Size with Fixed Managerial Ability," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 85(1), pages 134-142.
    5. Azzeddine Azzam & Cari S. Skinner, 2007. "Vertical Economies and the Structure of U.S. Hog Farms," Canadian Journal of Agricultural Economics/Revue canadienne d'agroeconomie, Canadian Agricultural Economics Society/Societe canadienne d'agroeconomie, vol. 55(3), pages 349-364, September.
    6. Carl Gaigné & Julie Le Gallo & Solène Larue & Bertrand Schmitt, 2012. "Does Regulation of Manure Land Application Work Against Agglomeration Economies? Theory and Evidence from the French Hog Sector," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 94(1), pages 116-132.
    7. Giancarlo Moschini, 1988. "The Cost Structure of Ontario Dairy Farms: A Microeconometric Analysis," Canadian Journal of Agricultural Economics/Revue canadienne d'agroeconomie, Canadian Agricultural Economics Society/Societe canadienne d'agroeconomie, vol. 36(2), pages 187-206, July.
    8. Svend Rasmussen, 2010. "Scale efficiency in Danish agriculture: an input distance--function approach," European Review of Agricultural Economics, Foundation for the European Review of Agricultural Economics, vol. 37(3), pages 335-367, September.
    9. Chavas, Jean-Paul, 2001. "Structural change in agricultural production: Economics, technology and policy," Handbook of Agricultural Economics,in: B. L. Gardner & G. C. Rausser (ed.), Handbook of Agricultural Economics, edition 1, volume 1, chapter 5, pages 263-285 Elsevier.
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    12. Giancarlo Moschini, 1988. "The Cost Structure of Ontario Dairy Farms: A Microeconometric Analysis," Canadian Journal of Agricultural Economics/Revue canadienne d'agroeconomie, Canadian Agricultural Economics Society/Societe canadienne d'agroeconomie, vol. 36(2), pages 187-206, July.
    13. Donald MacLaren, 2009. "Agriculture," Chapters,in: Negotiating a Preferential Trading Agreement, chapter 5 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    14. Key, Nigel & McBride, William & Mosheim, Roberto, 2008. "Decomposition of Total Factor Productivity Change in the U.S. Hog Industry," Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 40(01), pages 137-149, April.
    15. Kumbhakar, Subal C, 1993. "Short-Run Returns to Scale, Farm-Size, and Economic Efficiency," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 75(2), pages 336-341, May.
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    Cited by:

    1. Duvaleix-Tréguer, Sabine & Gaigné, Carl, 2015. "Producer Organizations and Members Performance in Hog Production," 2015 AAEA & WAEA Joint Annual Meeting, July 26-28, San Francisco, California 205494, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
    2. Tsakiridis, Andreas & Hanrahan, Kevin & Breen, James & Wallace, Michael & O’Donoghuea, Cathal, 2016. "Feed substitution and economies of scale in Irish beef production systems," 149th Seminar, October 27-28, 2016, Rennes, France 244769, European Association of Agricultural Economists.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    scale economie; marginal cost; farm size; input price; price-cost margin; livestock production industrie; production Economic;

    JEL classification:

    • Q12 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Micro Analysis of Farm Firms, Farm Households, and Farm Input Markets
    • D24 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Production; Cost; Capital; Capital, Total Factor, and Multifactor Productivity; Capacity

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