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Small scale fisheries in Europe: A comparative analysis based on a selection of case studies

Author

Listed:
  • Olivier Guyader

    (AMURE - Aménagement des Usages des Ressources et des Espaces marins et littoraux - Centre de droit et d'économie de la mer - IFREMER - Institut Français de Recherche pour l'Exploitation de la Mer - UBO - Université de Brest - IUEM - Institut Universitaire Européen de la Mer - IRD - Institut de Recherche pour le Développement - INSU - CNRS - Institut national des sciences de l'Univers - UBO - Université de Brest - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Patrick Berthou

    (STH - Sciences et Technologies Halieutiques - IFREMER - Institut Français de Recherche pour l'Exploitation de la Mer)

  • C. Koutsikopoulos
  • Frédérique Alban

    (AMURE - Aménagement des Usages des Ressources et des Espaces marins et littoraux - Centre de droit et d'économie de la mer - IFREMER - Institut Français de Recherche pour l'Exploitation de la Mer - UBO - Université de Brest - IUEM - Institut Universitaire Européen de la Mer - IRD - Institut de Recherche pour le Développement - INSU - CNRS - Institut national des sciences de l'Univers - UBO - Université de Brest - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Sébastien Demaneche

    (STH - Sciences et Technologies Halieutiques - IFREMER - Institut Français de Recherche pour l'Exploitation de la Mer)

  • M.B. Gaspar

    (Instituto Nacional dos Recursos Biológicos (INRB - Instituto Nacional dos Recursos Biológicos (INRB)

  • R. Eschbaum

    (Estonian Marine Institute - University of Tartu)

  • E. Fahy
  • O. Tully

    (BIODIENV - Biodiversité et Environnement de la Martinique - IFREMER - Institut Français de Recherche pour l'Exploitation de la Mer)

  • L. Reynal

    (ICM - Institute of Marine Sciences / Institut de Ciències del Mar [Barcelona] - CSIC - Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas [Madrid])

  • Olivier Curtil

    (AMURE - Aménagement des Usages des Ressources et des Espaces marins et littoraux - Centre de droit et d'économie de la mer - IFREMER - Institut Français de Recherche pour l'Exploitation de la Mer - UBO - Université de Brest - IUEM - Institut Universitaire Européen de la Mer - IRD - Institut de Recherche pour le Développement - INSU - CNRS - Institut national des sciences de l'Univers - UBO - Université de Brest - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Katia Frangoudes

    (AMURE - Aménagement des Usages des Ressources et des Espaces marins et littoraux - Centre de droit et d'économie de la mer - IFREMER - Institut Français de Recherche pour l'Exploitation de la Mer - UBO - Université de Brest - IUEM - Institut Universitaire Européen de la Mer - IRD - Institut de Recherche pour le Développement - INSU - CNRS - Institut national des sciences de l'Univers - UBO - Université de Brest - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Francesc Maynou

    (ICM - Institute of Marine Sciences / Institut de Ciències del Mar [Barcelona] - CSIC - Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas [Madrid])

Abstract

Small-scale fisheries have traditionally received less research effort than large-scale fisheries and are generally under-studied in Europe. In spite of their comparatively low volume of catches and economic importance, small-scale fisheries are socially important and an integral part of the European coastal zone. Considering the high heterogeneity of situations and the paucity of quantitative data, we used an analytical methodology based on the comparative method. We carried out an analysis of small-scale fisheries (SSFs) in Europe based on a selection of nine case studies. Our objective was to obtain a comprehensive description of small-scale fleets covering different areas/fisheries/species, encompassing the diversity and specific conditions under which SSFs operate, in order to demonstrate the ecological and social sustainability of this often overlooked fisheries segment. A common approach formulated so that the case studies could be compared with the case histories of other competing users, required that for each set of criteria - technical, biological, socio-economic, and institutional - a set of relevant items and indicators was established. An analysis of characteristics common to the selected case studies is conducted and an attempt made to extend our comparisons to the whole of the European Union. Our results show that (as compared with large-scale fleets, their main competitor) small-scale fleets: (i) are composed of smaller vessels and, consequently, travel lower distances to fishing grounds, and are more reliant on coastal areas; (ii) have smaller crews (although the global employment figure is similar to that of large-scale fleets in Europe); (iii) use mostly, but not exclusively, passive gears; (iv) use multi-purpose fishing approaches, and can change the fish species they target during the year; (v) have lower extraction rates; (vi) have lower total capital investments (including fishing rights), turnover and costs; and (vii) have lower fuel consumption, making them less sensitive to changing oil prices. Dependence on subsidies is lower (viii). Involvement in fisheries management is variable, conservation and access regulation measures are largely local in origin. For the selected case studies, the most significant competitors are large-scale fleets, and recreational fisheries, but other sources of interaction (water quality, invasive species, etc.) cannot be ignored.

Suggested Citation

  • Olivier Guyader & Patrick Berthou & C. Koutsikopoulos & Frédérique Alban & Sébastien Demaneche & M.B. Gaspar & R. Eschbaum & E. Fahy & O. Tully & L. Reynal & Olivier Curtil & Katia Frangoudes & France, 2013. "Small scale fisheries in Europe: A comparative analysis based on a selection of case studies," Post-Print hal-00779190, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:hal-00779190
    DOI: 10.1016/j.fishres.2012.11.008
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00779190
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Hélène, Buchholzer & Marjolaine, Frésard & Christelle, Le Grand & Le Floc'h, Pascal, 2022. "Vulnerability and spatial competition: The case of fisheries and offshore wind projects," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 197(C).
    2. García-Flórez, Lucía & Morales, Jesús & Gaspar, Miguel B. & Castilla, David & Mugerza, Estanis & Berthou, Patrick & García de la Fuente, Laura & Oliveira, Manuela & Moreno, Oscar & García del Hoyo, Ju, 2014. "A novel and simple approach to define artisanal fisheries in Europe," Marine Policy, Elsevier, vol. 44(C), pages 152-159.
    3. Nathalie Hilmi & Denis Allemand & Mine Cinar & Sarah Cooley & Jason Hall-Spencer & Gunnar Haraldsson & Caroline Hattam & Ross Jeffree & James Orr & Katrin Rehdanz & Stéphanie Reynaud & Alain Safa & Sa, 2014. "Exposure of Mediterranean countries to ocean acidification," Post-Print hal-03211779, HAL.
    4. Halkos, George & Roditi, Kyriakoula & Matsiori, Steriani & Vafidis, Dimitrios, 2018. "Sustainable management of fish stock: An assessment of small-scale fishing in Greece," MPRA Paper 84730, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. Veiga, Pedro & Pita, Cristina & Rangel, Mafalda & Gonçalves, Jorge M.S. & Campos, Aida & Fernandes, Paul G. & Sala, Antonello & Virgili, Massimo & Lucchetti, Alessandro & Brčić, Jure & Villasante, Seb, 2016. "The EU landing obligation and European small-scale fisheries: What are the odds for success?," Marine Policy, Elsevier, vol. 64(C), pages 64-71.
    6. Villasante, Sebastian & Pierce, Graham J. & Pita, Cristina & Guimeráns, César Pazos & Garcia Rodrigues, João & Antelo, Manel & Da Rocha, José María & Cutrín, Javier García & Hastie, Lee C. & Veiga, Pe, 2016. "Fishers' perceptions about the EU discards policy and its economic impact on small-scale fisheries in Galicia (North West Spain)," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 130(C), pages 130-138.
    7. Ana Costa & Joana Soares & Emilio Salas-Leiton & Adriano Bordalo & Sérgia Costa-Dias, 2022. "The COVID-19 as a Driver for Alternative Trade Networks in the Small-Scale Fisheries: Portugal as a Case Study," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 14(11), pages 1-24, May.
    8. Cissé, Abdoul Ahad & Blanchard, Fabian & Guyader, Olivier, 2014. "Sustainability of tropical small-scale fisheries: Integrated assessment in French Guiana," Marine Policy, Elsevier, vol. 44(C), pages 397-405.
    9. Ualerson Iran Peixoto & Morgan Casal-Ribeiro & Wendell M. Medeiros-Leal & Ana Novoa-Pabon & Mário Pinho & Régis Santos, 2022. "Scientific and Fisher’s Knowledge-Based Ecological Risk Assessment: Combining Approaches to Determine the Vulnerability of Fisheries Stocks," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 14(22), pages 1-18, November.
    10. Wehner, Nicholas & FAO,, 2017. "Improving our knowledge on small-scale fisheries: data needs and methodologies," MarXiv vnwc2, Center for Open Science.
    11. Schuhbauer, Anna & Sumaila, U. Rashid, 2016. "Economic viability and small-scale fisheries — A review," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 124(C), pages 69-75.

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