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Traitement comptable des dépenses de R&D et motivations de gestion des résultats : une étude empirique sur des entreprises françaises cotées

  • Sana Triki Damak


    (Corporate Finance and Financial Theory (COFFIT) - Faculté des Sciences Economiques et de Gestion de Sfax)

  • Khamoussi Halioui


    (Corporate Finance and Financial Theory (COFFIT) - Faculté des Sciences Economiques et de Gestion de Sfax, ISAE de Gafsa - ISAE de Gafsa)

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    Accounting treatment of research and development (R&D) charges is a controversial issue since the way of taking into account those fees can sometimes be motivated by incentives to handle the final results. The results of the study are based on a sample of French companies listed and quoted in the market. Indeed this study examines the extent to which the decisions of the companies to capitalize or not the charges of the R&D can be influenced by motivations to manage earnings. The French context presents a proper area of study to check our assumptions, as the IFRS applied in France for listed companies since 2005 offer the ability of choosing between capitalizations and expensing R& D charges. By using a logistic regression model, we find out that the French listed companies tend to use the capitalization of the expenses of the R& D in order to smooth the results, as well as, to avoid any violation of the debt's restrictive clauses.

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    Paper provided by HAL in its series Post-Print with number hal-00650590.

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    Date of creation: 10 May 2011
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    Publication status: Published in Comptabilités, économie et société, May 2011, Montpellier, France., 2011
    Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:hal-00650590
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    1. Beatriz Garcia Osma, 2008. "Board Independence and Real Earnings Management: The Case of R&D Expenditure," Corporate Governance: An International Review, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 16(2), pages 116-131, 03.
    2. Tirole, Jean & Fudenberg, Drew, 1995. "A Theory of Income and Dividend Smoothing Based on Incumbency Rents," Scholarly Articles 3160494, Harvard University Department of Economics.
    3. Cormier, D & Magnan, M & Morard, B, 1997. "La gestion strategique des resultats. Le modele anglo-saxon convient-il au contexte suisse?," Papers 97.02, Ecole des Hautes Etudes Commerciales, Universite de Geneve-.
    4. Daley, Lane A. & Vigeland, Robert L., 1983. "The effects of debt covenants and political costs on the choice of accounting methods : The case of accounting for R&D costs," Journal of Accounting and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 5(1), pages 195-211, April.
    5. Gaetan Breton & Alain Schatt, 2003. "Manipulation comptable:les dirigeants et les autres parties prenantes," Working Papers CREGO 1030104, Université de Bourgogne - CREGO EA7317 Centre de recherches en gestion des organisations.
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