IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/p/hal/journl/hal-00397084.html
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Bonus-Malus scales in segmented tariffs with stochastic migration between segments

Author

Listed:
  • Jean Pinquet

    (CECO - Laboratoire d'économétrie de l'École polytechnique - X - École polytechnique - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Montserrat Guillén

    (CECO - Laboratoire d'économétrie de l'École polytechnique - X - École polytechnique - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Michel Denuit
  • Natacha Brouhns

Abstract

This article proposes a computer-intensive methodology to build bonus-malus scales in automobile insurance. The claim frequency model is taken from Pinquet, Guillén and Bolancé (2001). It accounts for overdispersion and dependence over repeated observations. Explanatory variables are taken into account in the determination of the relativities, yielding an integrated automobile ratemaking scheme. In that respect, it complements the study of Taylor (1997).

Suggested Citation

  • Jean Pinquet & Montserrat Guillén & Michel Denuit & Natacha Brouhns, 2003. "Bonus-Malus scales in segmented tariffs with stochastic migration between segments," Post-Print hal-00397084, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:hal-00397084
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    To our knowledge, this item is not available for download. To find whether it is available, there are three options:
    1. Check below whether another version of this item is available online.
    2. Check on the provider's web page whether it is in fact available.
    3. Perform a search for a similarly titled item that would be available.

    Other versions of this item:

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Dionne, Georges & Vanasse, Charles, 1989. "A Generalization of Automobile Insurance Rating Models: The Negative Binomial Distribution with a Regression Component," ASTIN Bulletin, Cambridge University Press, vol. 19(2), pages 199-212, November.
    2. Sundt, Bjorn, 1988. "Credibility estimators with geometric weights," Insurance: Mathematics and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 7(2), pages 113-122, April.
    3. Pinquet, Jean, 1998. "Designing Optimal Bonus-Malus Systems from Different Types of Claims," ASTIN Bulletin, Cambridge University Press, vol. 28(2), pages 205-220, November.
    4. Pinquet, Jean & Guillén, Montserrat & Bolancé, Catalina, 2001. "Allowance for the Age of Claims in Bonus-Malus Systems," ASTIN Bulletin, Cambridge University Press, vol. 31(2), pages 337-348, November.
    5. Dionne, G & Vanasse, C, 1992. "Automobile Insurance Ratemaking in the Presence of Asymmetrical Information," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 7(2), pages 149-165, April-Jun.
    6. Renshaw, Arthur E., 1994. "Modelling the Claims Process in the Presence of Covariates," ASTIN Bulletin, Cambridge University Press, vol. 24(2), pages 265-285, November.
    7. de Lourdes Centeno, Maria & Manuel Andrade e Silva, Joao, 2001. "Bonus systems in an open portfolio," Insurance: Mathematics and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 28(3), pages 341-350, June.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
    as


    Cited by:

    1. Azaare Jacob & Zhao Wu, 2020. "An Alternative Pricing System through Bayesian Estimates and Method of Moments in a Bonus-Malus Framework for the Ghanaian Auto Insurance Market," JRFM, MDPI, vol. 13(7), pages 1-15, July.
    2. Oh, Rosy & Lee, Kyung Suk & Park, Sojung C. & Ahn, Jae Youn, 2020. "Double-counting problem of the bonus–malus system," Insurance: Mathematics and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 93(C), pages 141-155.
    3. Tzougas, George & Yik, Woo Hee & Mustaqeem, Muhammad Waqar, 2019. "Insurance ratemaking using the Exponential-Lognormal regression model," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 101729, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    4. Pinquet, Jean, 2020. "Positivity properties of the ARFIMA(0,d,0) specifications and credibility analysis of frequency risks," Insurance: Mathematics and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 95(C), pages 159-165.
    5. Bolancé, Catalina & Guillén, Montserrat & Pinquet, Jean, 2008. "On the link between credibility and frequency premium," Insurance: Mathematics and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 43(2), pages 209-213, October.
    6. Tzougas, George & Hoon, W. L. & Lim, J. M., 2019. "The negative binomial-inverse Gaussian regression model with an application to insurance ratemaking," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 101728, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    7. George Tzougas, 2020. "EM Estimation for the Poisson-Inverse Gamma Regression Model with Varying Dispersion: An Application to Insurance Ratemaking," Risks, MDPI, vol. 8(3), pages 1-23, September.
    8. Bermúdez, Lluís & Karlis, Dimitris, 2012. "A finite mixture of bivariate Poisson regression models with an application to insurance ratemaking," Computational Statistics & Data Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 56(12), pages 3988-3999.
    9. Bermúdez, Lluís & Karlis, Dimitris, 2011. "Bayesian multivariate Poisson models for insurance ratemaking," Insurance: Mathematics and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 48(2), pages 226-236, March.
    10. Yang Lu, 2018. "Dynamic Frailty Count Process in Insurance: A Unified Framework for Estimation, Pricing, and Forecasting," Journal of Risk & Insurance, The American Risk and Insurance Association, vol. 85(4), pages 1083-1102, December.
    11. Tzougas, George & Karlis, Dimitris & Frangos, Nicholas, 2017. "Confidence intervals of the premiums of optimal Bonus Malus Systems," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 70926, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    12. Lluís Bermúdez & Dimitris Karlis & Isabel Morillo, 2020. "Modelling Unobserved Heterogeneity in Claim Counts Using Finite Mixture Models," Risks, MDPI, vol. 8(1), pages 1-13, January.
    13. Bermúdez i Morata, Lluís, 2009. "A priori ratemaking using bivariate Poisson regression models," Insurance: Mathematics and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 44(1), pages 135-141, February.
    14. Youn Ahn, Jae & Jeong, Himchan & Lu, Yang, 2021. "On the ordering of credibility factors," Insurance: Mathematics and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 101(PB), pages 626-638.
    15. Florian Schreiber, 2017. "Identification of customer groups in the German term life market: a benefit segmentation," Annals of Operations Research, Springer, vol. 254(1), pages 365-399, July.
    16. Tsyganov, Aleksander & Baskakov, Valery & Yazykov, Andrey & Sheparnev, Nikolay & Yanenko, Evgeny & Grysenkova, Yulia, 2019. "The impact of the bonus-malus system on the insurance ratemaking in the system of compulsory insurance of the responsibility of transport owners in Russia," Applied Econometrics, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (RANEPA), vol. 56, pages 123-141.
    17. Tzougas, George & Vrontos, Spyridon & Frangos, Nicholas, 2014. "Optimal Bonus-Malus Systems using finite mixture models," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 70919, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    18. Tzougas, George & Vrontos, Spyridon & Frangos, Nicholas, 2018. "Bonus-Malus systems with two component mixture models arising from different parametric families," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 84301, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    19. Tzougas, George, 2020. "EM estimation for the Poisson-Inverse Gamma regression model with varying dispersion: an application to insurance ratemaking," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 106539, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    20. Tzougas, George & Pignatelli di Cerchiara, Alice, 2021. "The multivariate mixed Negative Binomial regression model with an application to insurance a posteriori ratemaking," Insurance: Mathematics and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 101(PB), pages 602-625.
    21. Zhao, Xiaobing & Zhou, Xian, 2012. "Copula models for insurance claim numbers with excess zeros and time-dependence," Insurance: Mathematics and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 50(1), pages 191-199.
    22. Tan, Chong It, 2016. "Varying transition rules in bonus–malus systems: From rules specification to determination of optimal relativities," Insurance: Mathematics and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 68(C), pages 134-140.
    23. Frees, Edward W. & Wang, Ping, 2006. "Copula credibility for aggregate loss models," Insurance: Mathematics and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 38(2), pages 360-373, April.

    Most related items

    These are the items that most often cite the same works as this one and are cited by the same works as this one.
    1. Yang Lu, 2018. "Dynamic Frailty Count Process in Insurance: A Unified Framework for Estimation, Pricing, and Forecasting," Journal of Risk & Insurance, The American Risk and Insurance Association, vol. 85(4), pages 1083-1102, December.
    2. Angers, Jean-François & Desjardins, Denise & Dionne, Georges & Guertin, François, 2006. "Vehicle and Fleet Random Effects in a Model of Insurance Rating for Fleets of Vehicles," ASTIN Bulletin, Cambridge University Press, vol. 36(1), pages 25-77, May.
    3. Payandeh Najafabadi Amir T. & MohammadPour Saeed, 2018. "A k-Inflated Negative Binomial Mixture Regression Model: Application to Rate–Making Systems," Asia-Pacific Journal of Risk and Insurance, De Gruyter, vol. 12(2), pages 1-31, July.
    4. Shi, Peng & Valdez, Emiliano A., 2011. "A copula approach to test asymmetric information with applications to predictive modeling," Insurance: Mathematics and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 49(2), pages 226-239, September.
    5. Gourieroux, C. & Jasiak, J., 2004. "Heterogeneous INAR(1) model with application to car insurance," Insurance: Mathematics and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 34(2), pages 177-192, April.
    6. Angers, Jean-François & Desjardins, Denise & Dionne, Georges, 2004. "Modèle Bayésien de tarification de l’assurance des flottes de véhicules," L'Actualité Economique, Société Canadienne de Science Economique, vol. 80(2), pages 253-303, Juin-Sept.
    7. Dionne, Georges & Michaud, Pierre-Carl & Pinquet, Jean, 2013. "A review of recent theoretical and empirical analyses of asymmetric information in road safety and automobile insurance," Research in Transportation Economics, Elsevier, vol. 43(1), pages 85-97.
    8. Frees, Edward W. & Wang, Ping, 2006. "Copula credibility for aggregate loss models," Insurance: Mathematics and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 38(2), pages 360-373, April.
    9. Amela Omeraševiæ & Jasmina Selimoviæ, 2020. "Risk factors selection with data mining methods for insurance premium ratemaking," Zbornik radova Ekonomskog fakulteta u Rijeci/Proceedings of Rijeka Faculty of Economics, University of Rijeka, Faculty of Economics and Business, vol. 38(2), pages 667-696.
    10. Olena Ragulina, 2017. "Bonus--malus systems with different claim types and varying deductibles," Papers 1707.00917, arXiv.org.
    11. Tzougas, George & Vrontos, Spyridon & Frangos, Nicholas, 2014. "Optimal Bonus-Malus Systems using finite mixture models," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 70919, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    12. Omerašević Amela & Selimović Jasmina, 2020. "Classification Ratemaking Using Decision Tree in the Insurance Market of Bosnia and Herzegovina," South East European Journal of Economics and Business, Sciendo, vol. 15(2), pages 124-139, December.
    13. Tzougas, George & Hoon, W. L. & Lim, J. M., 2019. "The negative binomial-inverse Gaussian regression model with an application to insurance ratemaking," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 101728, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    14. Tzougas, George & Vrontos, Spyridon & Frangos, Nicholas, 2018. "Bonus-Malus systems with two component mixture models arising from different parametric families," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 84301, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    15. George Tzougas, 2020. "EM Estimation for the Poisson-Inverse Gamma Regression Model with Varying Dispersion: An Application to Insurance Ratemaking," Risks, MDPI, vol. 8(3), pages 1-23, September.
    16. Tzougas, George, 2020. "EM estimation for the Poisson-Inverse Gamma regression model with varying dispersion: an application to insurance ratemaking," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 106539, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    17. Tzougas, George & Yik, Woo Hee & Mustaqeem, Muhammad Waqar, 2019. "Insurance ratemaking using the Exponential-Lognormal regression model," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 101729, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    18. Tzougas, George & Karlis, Dimitris & Frangos, Nicholas, 2017. "Confidence intervals of the premiums of optimal Bonus Malus Systems," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 70926, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    19. Yang Lu, 2019. "Flexible (panel) regression models for bivariate count–continuous data with an insurance application," Journal of the Royal Statistical Society Series A, Royal Statistical Society, vol. 182(4), pages 1503-1521, October.
    20. Jean Pinquet & Georges Dionne & Charles Vanasse & Mathieu Maurice, 2007. "Point-record incentives, asymmetric information and dynamic data," Working Papers hal-00243056, HAL.

    More about this item

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:hal:journl:hal-00397084. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a bibliographic reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: CCSD (email available below). General contact details of provider: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/ .

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service. RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.